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Pharmacy (Pharm.D.)

Professor showing students about different drugs.

Doctor of Pharmacy, Pharm.D.

Overview

Doctoral Program

The School of Pharmacy prepares students to practice in an interprofessional patient-centered environment where pharmacists are responsible for assisting patients in managing their medication regimens. Graduates of the program are taught to communicate effectively with patients and other health care practitioners, to solve problems related to drug therapy regimens, and to develop and evaluate programs to improve the health of the communities they serve.

The School of Pharmacy’s mission emphasizes leadership and service to the community. Students practice leadership skills while working collaboratively with their colleagues and the faculty on problem sets, case analyses and class service projects. Through class exercises and practice experiences the pharmacy program teaches students to care for patients and communities.

The curriculum involves 36 credit hours of Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience (APPE) beyond the three professional years of didactic coursework. The APPE comprises (6), six week (six-credit hour) rotations including an advanced community rotation, ambulatory rotation, institutional clinical rotation, Institutional operations rotation and two elective rotations.

School Of Pharmacy Mission Statement

The D'Youville College School of Pharmacy is a teaching and learning community of faculty, students and staff dedicated to educating tomorrow's pharmacy practitioners and advancing the profession. Through its focus on critical inquiry, research, scholarship and service, the school ensures that its graduates are qualified to enter practice as generalist practitioners who are prepared to serve their communities and their profession.

Vision And Strategic Intent

We will be one of the premier private schools of pharmacy in the Northeast in academic quality, service to society and practice innovation. Sound and forward thinking academic, research, and resource foundations will propel the school to become the first choice for potential faculty and students, help expand the scope of the profession, and to be a vital school in an evolving D'Youville University. Graduates of the program will be highly competitive in a changing market.

The practice of pharmacy will be actively engaged as respected partners with other health professions in the delivery of direct services to patients and development of new therapies that improve health outcomes. Pharmacists will be collaborating with patients and care givers to ensure that prescribed health regimens improve and maintain the overall health of their patients.

Students will be transformed from dependent to independent learners who advocate for their profession and the health and quality of life of their communities.

Values And Goals

The School of Pharmacy adheres to the core values and principles of D’Youville College. In addition we bring forward the following as having particular importance to the School of Pharmacy:

  • Excellence - We pursue excellence in our teaching, scholarship and practice every day.
  • Professionalism is integral to our success. We care and respect others, accept responsibility for our actions, and act with integrity and honesty in our interactions. We prepare students to be professionals, not employees.
  • Leadership is necessary to advance the pharmacy profession. Valuing others, integrity, self-awareness, and personal accountability are the fundamental attributes of leaders.
  • Social responsibility is important to the profession and is demonstrated by contributing to the health and well being of patients, the community, and at risk populations through advocacy, volunteerism and service.

Principles

  • Student-centered learning - Our efforts are focused on empowering students to gain the requisite knowledge, skills, and attitudes needed to provide patient-centered care.
  • Culturally responsive care - We recognize and honor the diversity of peoples’ values and beliefs, both spiritual and secular
  • Decision-making - We encourage personal and professional decision making in accordance with legal, ethical, social, economic, and professional guidelines.
  • Collaboration - We foster a spirit of teamwork among patients, peers, and partners, within and across disciplines, through effective communication skills and respect for the contribution of others.
  • Critical Inquiry - Faculty and students form a learning community whose members interpret, evaluate and use information discerningly from a variety of perspectives, tolerate ambiguity while understanding the complexity of many problems, issues, and topics, and transform the results of inquiry into judgments and actions.
  • Culture of Assessment - Creating a culture of assessment requires us to gather data to define problems, implement solutions, and continuously improve our work. We consider alternative points of view and the implications of various courses of action before making decisions.
  • Quality - We define quality practitioners as those who stand out among their peers due to their commitment to their patients, profession, and their communities.

New York State Department Of Education (NYSED)

The D’Youville College School of Pharmacy is registered for professional purposes under Subchapter A of the Regulations of the Commissioner of Education (Chapter II of Title 8 of the Official Compilation of Codes, Rules and Regulations of the state of New York); enabling all eligible doctor of pharmacy students to receive financial aid.

Accreditation Disclosure Statement

The Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) accredits doctor of pharmacy programs offered by colleges and schools of pharmacy in the United States and selected non-US sites. For a doctor of pharmacy program offered by a new College or School of Pharmacy, ACPE accreditation generally involves three steps: Precandidate accreditation status, Candidate accreditation status, and Full accreditation status. Precandidate accreditation status denotes a developmental program that is expected to mature in accord with stated plans and within a defined time period. Precandidate accreditation status is awarded to a new program of a college or School of Pharmacy that has not yet enrolled students in the professional program and authorizes the school to admit its first class. Candidate accreditation status is awarded to a doctor of pharmacy program that has students enrolled but has not yet had a graduating class. Accreditation status is awarded to a program that has met all ACPE standards for accreditation and has graduated its first class. Graduates of a class designated as having candidate accreditation status have the same rights and privileges of those graduates from a fully accredited program. ACPE conveys its decisions to the various boards of pharmacy and makes recommendations in accord with its decisions. It should be noted, however, that decisions concerning eligibility for licensure by examination or reciprocity reside with the respective state boards of pharmacy in accordance with their state statutes and administrative rules.

The doctor of pharmacy program of the D’Youville College School of Pharmacy was awarded accreditation status during the June 18 – 22, 2014, meeting of the ACPE board of directors based upon an on-site evaluation conducted April 8 – 10, 2014, and discussion with college and school officials.

Accreditation Status

It is expected that the accreditation status of the program will be fully disclosed. ACPE requires that all colleges and schools of pharmacy with accreditation status utilize the following language when referring to the accreditation status of the program in any publication, both in print and on the program’s web site:

D’Youville College School of Pharmacy’s doctor of pharmacy program is accredited by the Accreditation Council for:

Pharmacy Education,
135 South LaSalle Street,
Suite 4100, Chicago, IL
60503, 312/664-3575;
FAX 312/664-4652,
website www.acpe-accredit.org.

Courses

Course Requirements

Doctor of Pharmacy
Degree: Pharm.D.

First Professional Year: Fall Semester

Course Number Course Name Credits
PMD 601

Biochemical Principles I

Students learn about the structure/ function relationships among the components responsible for the biochemical functions of life. The first semester topics include proteins, enzymes, carbohydrates, bioenergetics, metabolism (catabolism and anabolism) lipids, membranes, nucleic acids, biotechnology, biochemical methods,vitamins and nutrition.

Prequisites: None

3
PMD 603

Anatomy Physiology Pathophysiology I

This is the first of two courses in which students learn about the structural and functional relationships of the human organism, emphasizing cells and tissues, the integumentary, skeletal,muscular, nervous systems, and sense organs. Students build a comprehensive theoretical foundation of the phenomena that produce alterations in human physiologic function throughout life, emphasizing disease processes as disturbances of the body's homeostasis. The body's defense mechanisms and their breakdown, and clinical assessment methods are also presented in the course. Students view classroom demonstrations that examine the skeletal, muscular, and nervous system, and their composite cell and tissue types.

Prequisites: None

4
PMD 605

Principles of Drug Action I

This course introduces drugs as molecules, including the basic principles related to molecules such as equilibrium and kinetic phenomena. Initial information provided in the course also includes the molecular basis of drug selectivity and drug action. The latter portion of the course then focuses on the primary determinants of the disposition of drugs in the body, namely absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion.

Prequisites: None

4
PMD 607

Prof of Pharmacy & Health Care Systems

This course introduces students to the evolving US health care system. Students learn about the social, economic, and political environments in which health care is delivered, and the impact of these factors on the practice of pharmacy. By examining personal strengths and weaknesses, exploring career options, and thinking and writing reflectively, students will develop lifelong learning skills.

Prequisites: None

3
PMD 611

Prof Dev of Student Pharmacist I

This is the first in a six-term sequence of courses that augments and enhances student learning throughout the didactic curriculum. In this first course, students will be introduced to the profession of pharmacy including the evolution of practice from a dispensing to a pharmaceutical care model. Through team-based learning students will systematically analyze patient cases using scientific and clinical reasoning. They will utilize sources of professional knowledge, strategies for accessing drug information and literature, and quantitative and qualitative data to support decision making. To help students (and faculty) assess their progress in achieving curricular and professional goals, they will create a professional e-portfolio that will help them manage various types of evidence that reflect their learning and growth.

Prequisites: None

2
PMD 613

Patient Assessment I

In this practicum course, students will learn and practice the fundamentals of patient assessment, including physical examination, interviewing skills (such as history taking and symptom analysis) and interpretation of laboratory test results. Students will also become familiar with common drug names, categories, dosing and therapeutic uses. Classroom time will be a combination of large and small group work. Skill-based activities, such as the practicing of components of a physical examination, will be practiced in student pairs with designated small teams.

Prequisites: None

1
PMD 617

P1 IPPE Community



Prequisites: None

2
PMD 621

Professional Development & SkillsAssessment



Prequisites: None

0

Total: 16+2

Spring Semester

Course Number Course Name Credits
PMD 604

Anatomy Physiology Pathophysiology II

Comprehensive Anatomy, Physiology and Pathophysiology II + laboratory provides a sequel to PMD 603 and 613; the course continues examination of organ systems. Material includes anatomical description, physiological explanations, and pathological states, considered as disruptions of the normal anatomy and physiology. Etiology, pathogenesis, and treatment approaches will be discussed. This course will undertake coverage of: cell physiology and response to injury, inflammation, fever, healing, cell cycle and neoplasia, musculoskeletal and joint disorders, neurophysiology, neurological & psychological disorders, pathophysiology of selected endocrine glands, physiology and disorders of the digestive system and selected auxiliary glands (liver and pancreas).

Prequisites: None

4
PMD 606

Principles of Drug Action II

The initial portion provides an introduction to the role of pharmacology in pharmacy and moves on to basic receptor pharmacology and enzymology. The course then continues the molecular basis of pharmacologic activity, protein binding, complexion and drug action. Basic aspects of medicinal chemistry and drug metabolism are also covered. The latter portion of the course then delves into various dosage forms and routes of drug delivery.

Prequisites: None

5
PMD 610

Hlth Comm Diversity & BioethicsCommunications/Diversity/Bioethics

Students learn to apply the theoretical principles for communicating effectively with patients,families, and physicians, other health professionals, and provider groups. Students discuss the impact of race, sexual orientation, culture, religion, and physical ability on patients perceptions of the healthcare system and the delivery of services. Students also learn to recognize ethical dilemmas and resolve problems using basic ethical principles and an ethical decision-making process.

Prequisites: None

2
PMD 612

Prof Dev of Student Pharmacist II

This is the second in a six-term sequence of courses. Students participate in team-based learning to foster a deeper understanding of course material, and develop necessary skills through case discussion and other active learning methods.

Prequisites: None

1
PMD 614

Patient Assessment II

In this course, students will learn and practice the fundamentals of patient assessment, including physical examination, interviewing skills and interpretation of laboratory test results. Students will also become familiar with common drug names, categories, dosing and therapeutic uses, as well as counseling skills based on the top medications. Classroom time will be a combination of large and small group work. Skill-based activities, such as the practicing of the components of a physical examination, will be demonstrated in student pairs with designated small teams.

Prequisites: None

1
PMD 618

P1 IPPE Community



Prequisites: None

2
PMD 622

Professional Development



Prequisites: None

0

Total: 16+2

Second Professional Year: Fall Semester

Course Number Course Name Credits
PMD 701

Principles of Drug Action III

This is the final course of the three-course sequence. Students continue to learn how dosage forms and routes of delivery affect the disposition of drugs. Students also learn about recent advances in pharmaceutical dosage forms (such as protein pharmaceuticals) that are utilized in current and future pharmacy practice.

Prequisites: None

2
PMD 703

Pharmacotherapeutics I

This course is the first of a seven-part series in which students will learn to integrate the principles of pathophysiology, medicinal chemistry, drug disposition and pharmacology in order to optimize therapeutic outcomes. Specific topics covered will include the pharmacotherapy of: acute and chronic kidney disease, fluid and electrolyte disorders, acid-base disorders, erectile dysfunction, benign prostatic hyperplasia, and urinary incontinence.

Prequisites: None

4
PMD 705

Pharmacotherapeutics II

This course is the second of a seven-part series in which students will learn to integrate the principles of pathophysiology, medicinal chemistry, pharmacology and pharmacotherapy in order to optimize therapeutic outcomes. Specific topics covered will include cardiovascular and pulmonary disorders including hypertension, heart failure, ischemic heart disease, acute coronary syndromes, arrhythmias, cardiomyopathies, thromboembolism, hyperlipidemia, stroke, shock, asthma, chronic obstructive lung disease, acute respiratory distress syndrome, and cystic fibrosis.

Prequisites: None

4
PMD 709

Integrated Compounding & Practice

In this course, students practice the mathematical calculations required for compounding,dispensing, and administering medications including determination of the rate of administration of IV infusions, calculating drug concentrations and ratio strengths, as well as extent of ionization of drugs in solution. In laboratory sessions,students are provided opportunities to interpret prescription orders and prepare sterile and non-sterile dosage forms for dispensing.

Prequisites: None

3
PMD 711

Prof Dev of Student Pharmacist III

This is the third course in the six-term sequence. Students participate in team-based learning to foster a deeper understanding of course material, and develop necessary skills through case discussion and other active learning methods.

Prequisites: None

1
PMD 713

Pharmacogenomics

This course will introduce genetics and molecular and cellular biology and will describe the nature of genetic materials and the universal genetic code. Students should be able to identify and describe molecular mechanisms such as replication, transcription and translation. The goal of this course is to enable students to understand how these disciplines can be used to explain the possible genetic basis for variability in drug response. Also, there will be discussion on the application of bioinformatics studies to pharmacogenomics and ethical issues in genomics. The pharmacogenetics of oxidative drug metabolism will be presented, as well as the potential applications to tailoring drug therapy. A discussion of drug transporters pharmacognegentics will include localization and function, variability and clinical consequences. The role of genetic variability in drug targets on drug efficacy and toxicity, and application to individualize drug therapy will be explored. Finally, current and future pharmacognenomics applications for several therapeutic areas such as oncology, hematology, infectious diseases such as HIV, TB, etc. will be described.

Prequisites: None

3
PMD 717

P2 IPPE Community



Prequisites: None

2
PMD 721

Professional Development & SkillsAssessment



Prequisites: None

0

Total: 17+2

Spring Semester

Course Number Course Name Credits
PMD 702

Medical Microbiology & Immunology

Students learn the classification, morphology, and virulence of microorganisms and medical pathogens, the epidemiology and pathogenesis of infectious diseases, and the basic concepts of immunology. Students utilize their knowledge of immunology to understand the principles of antibiotic use, emphasizing the need to understand the site of infection, the susceptibility patterns for responsible organisms and the ability of the drug to reach the site of infection.

Prequisites: None

3
PMD 704

Pharmacotherapeutics III

This course is the third of a seven-part series in which students will learn to integrate the principles of pathophysiology, medicinal chemistry, pharmacology and pharmacotherapy in order to optimize therapeutic outcomes for patients. Specific topics covered will include the pharmacotherapy of: anesthesia; neurologic disorders such as epilepsy, movement disorders and migraine headaches; psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia, mood disorders, anxiety disorders,sleep disorders and dementia; and diseases of the eye.

Prequisites: None

4
PMD 706

Pharmacotherapeutics IV

This course is the fourth in a seven-part series in which students will learn to integrate the principles of pathophysiology, medicinal chemistry, drug disposition, and pharmacology in order to optimize therapeutic outcomes. Specific topics covered will include the pharmacotherapy of endocrine and gynecologic disorders including diabetes mellitus, thyroid disorders, adrenal and pituitary gland disorders, pregnancy and lactation, contraception, endometriosis and hormone replacement therapy in women.

Prequisites: None

4
PMD 708

Evidence-Based Medicine I

In this course, students learn basic concepts of research methodology in order to develop, analyze, and present their own research projects and critically evaluate the validity and clinical relevance of published articles. Students learn to appropriately analyze various types of data using parametric and non-parametric statistics, probability and inferential statistics (e.g. analysis of variance and multiple regressions).

Prequisites: None

2
PMD 710

Pharmacy Management

In this course students learn the common management principles employed in the practice of pharmacy. Students learn business methods ranging from personal management to operations management, managing people, accounting basics and finance. Students also learn about marketing, purchasing, value-added services, and obtaining reimbursement for providing cognitive services as well as managing risks. Students are expected to apply concepts learned in class to prepare a business plan that provides the blueprint for buying an existing independent community pharmacy or developing a new pharmacy.

Prequisites: None

2
PMD 712

Collaborative Learning Practicum IV

This is the fourth in a six-term sequence of courses. Students participate in team-based learning to foster a deeper understanding of course material, and develop necessary skills through case discussion and other active learning methods.

Prequisites: None

1
PMD 718

Community/Hospital IPPE



Prequisites: None

2
PMD 722

Professional Development



Prequisites: None

0

Total: 17+2

Third Professional Year: Fall Semester

Course Number Course Name Credits
PMD

One elective from the 800 level

Choose one elective from PMD 800 level.
3
PMD 801

U.S. and N.Y.S. Pharmacy Law

This course introduces students to the federal and New York state laws and regulations which govern the practice of pharmacy and regulate the manufacture and distribution of drug products and devices. Students learn the basic principles of tort law and professional malpractice. Students apply concepts learned in class to the analysis of case studies. Students review the historical events that have shaped today's professional pharmacy practice, and learn about the drug development and distribution system from a legal perspective.

Prequisites: None

2
PMD 803

Infectious Disease V

This course is the fifth in a seven-part series in which students will learn to integrate the principles of pathophysiology, medicinal chemistry, drug disposition, and pharmacology in order to optimize therapeutic outcomes. Specific topics covered will include the pharmacotherapy of gastrointestinal, nutritional, and skin, bone and joint disorders including gastroesophageal reflux, peptic ulcer, inflammatory bowel disease, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, irritable bowel syndrome, pancreatitis, viral hepatitis, obesity, osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, gout, acne, atopic dermatitis, and psoriasis.

Prequisites: None

4
PMD 805

Pharm Gastrointestinal V I

This course is the sixth in a seven-part series in which students will learn to integrate the principles of pathophysiology, medicinal chemistry, drug disposition, and pharmacology in order to optimize therapeutic outcomes. Specific topics covered will include the pharmacotherapy of infectious diseases of the respiratory tract, skin, and soft tissue, tuberculosis, parasitic diseases, urinary tract infections, sexually transmitted diseases, sepsis, fungal infections, and human immunodeficiency virus infection.

Prequisites: None

4
PMD 811

Prof Dev of Student Pharmacist IV

This is the fifth in a six-term sequence of courses. Students participate in team-based learning to foster a deeper understanding of course material, and develop necessary skills through case discussion and other active learning methods.

Prequisites: None

1
PMD 813

Evidence-Based Medicine II

Students demonstrate effective communication and organizational skills by preparing, delivering, and evaluating professional seminars.

Prequisites: None

2
PMD 849

P3 IPPE Practice

The P3 Practice IPPE Rotation provides the opportunity for the student to test knowledge and skills they acquired through classes and previous pharmacy practice experiences through application with a clinical pharmacist preceptor. Under the supervision of their preceptors, students will be introduced to communicating with patients, care givers, providers, and other health professionals as well as research methods and process.

Prequisites: None

0
PMD 857

Service Learning

This course provides time for students and their faculty mentors to work together to assist students in developing a professional attitude and identity, clinical skills and the knowledge needed to begin practicing as a student pharmacist intern. To aid students in development this course will provide instruction on their professional portfolio, the educational outcomes expected of graduates of the doctor of pharmacy program,fundamental principles of law needed to practice as a pharmacy intern, and the importance of reflective thinking and writing.

Prequisites: None

0
PMD 859

Professional Dvpmt and SkillsAssessment



Prequisites: None

0

Total: 15+3

Spring Semester

Course Number Course Name Credits
PMD

One elective from the 800 level

Choose one elective from PMD 800 level.
3
PMD 804

Pharmacotherapeutics VII

This course is the seventh of an eight-part series in which students will learn to integrate the principles of pathophysiology, medicinal chemistry, pharmacology and pharmacotherapy in order to optimize therapeutic outcomes and tolerability for patients. This course will focus on agents used in the management of:toxicological disorders, pain disorders, substance abuse, and disorders specific to pediatric and geriatric populations. This course will also include a discussion on topics related to medication safety.

Prequisites: None

4
PMD 808

Pharmacotherapeutics VIII

This course is the eighth of an eight-part series in which students will learn to integrate the principles of pathophysiology and pharmacotherapy, medicinal chemistry, and pharmacology with active learning sessions involving case discussion in order to optimize therapeutic outcomes and tolerability for patients. This course will focus on agents used in the management of: anemia, coagulation disorders, drug-induced hematologic disorders; oncologic diseases including solid tumors and hematologic malignancies such as cancers of the breast, lung, colon, rectum, prostate, ovaries, skin, and lymphoma, leukemia, and myelodysplastic syndromes. Drugs used in the supportive care of cancer patients will also be a focus including those used to manage nausea and vomiting, constipation, and tumor lysis syndrome.

Prequisites: None

4
PMD 810

Population Based Health Care

Students learn how pharmacists contribute to the delivery of effective, quality health and disease prevention services. Students learn to apply population-specific data, quality assurance strategies, and processes to assure access to rational, safe and cost-effective drug therapy. Students also learn to utilize health-related quality of life measures and decision analyses to assess the health status of individuals in the U.S. healthcare system, and make comparisons to individuals within other global systems. Utilizing the economic and epidemiologic principles learned in class, students critique peer-reviewed public health literature and develop a framework for a group research project that will be completed during the Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience of the fourth professional year.

Prequisites: None

2
PMD 812

Collaborative Learning Practicum V I

This is the final course in the six-term sequence. Students participate in team-based learning to foster a deeper understanding of course material, and develop necessary skills through case discussion and other active learning methods.

Prequisites: None

1
PMD 814

Evidence-Based Medicine III

Students demonstrate effective communication and organizational skills by preparing, delivering, and evaluating professional seminars.

Prequisites: None

2
PMD 850

Practice IPPE

The focus of this course is to study herbal preparations and other phytomedicinals which are widely used by the general public as self-selected OTC products for therapeutic, preventive or prophylactic purposes. The course will be methodically classified by organ systems (e.g. nervous system, cardiovascular system, digestive system) and its relevant field of application (e.g. depression, anxiety and sleep disorders; congestive heart failure, arteriosclerosis; peptic ulcers, constipation). Emphasis will be placed on herbal constituents and products whose safety and efficacy are based not just on tradition but also on modern scientific testing. The course will further give an introduction into aspects related to safety, herb-d, herb-drug, herb-herb interactions, and quality and efficacy of herbal medicinal products. The role of pharmacists to assist consumers to select the safest, most proper and useful natural remedies will also be considered.

Prequisites: None

1
PMD 858

Service Learning

This course provides time for students and their faculty mentors to work together to assist students in developing a professional attitude and identity, clinical skills and the knowledge needed to begin practicing as a student pharmacist intern. To aid students in development this course will provide instruction on their professional portfolio, the educational outcomes expected of graduates of the doctor of pharmacy program,fundamental principles of law needed to practice as a pharmacy intern, and the importance of reflective thinking and writing.

Prequisites: None

1
PMD 860

Professional Development



Prequisites: None

0

Total: 15+3

Fourth Professional Year: Summer, Fall and Spring Semesters

Advanced pharmacy practice experience will consist of seven 6-week rotation. Each rotation is worth six-credit hours and requires 240 clock hours each.

Course Number Course Name Credits
PMD 901

Advanced Community Pharmacy



Prequisites: None

6
PMD 902

Ambulatory Care Rotation

The Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience provides practice opportunities that require students to assume responsibility for the outcomes of drug therapy. Students develop mastery of the educational outcomes during five required and two elective rotations. Required rotations include acute care, ambulatory care, advanced institutional pharmacy, advanced community pharmacy and a health and wellness project. Students also choose two elective rotations covering a variety of pharmacy settings, such as long term care, nuclear pharmacy, home infusion, geriatrics, pediatrics, managed care, oncology and psychiatric pharmacy.

Prequisites: None

6
PMD 903

Hospital Clinical Rotation



Prequisites: None

6
PMD 904

Hospital Operations Rotation

The Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience provides practice opportunities that require students to assume responsibility for the outcomes of drug therapy. Students develop mastery of the educational outcomes during five required and two elective rotations. Required rotations include acute care, ambulatory care, advanced institutional pharmacy, advanced community pharmacy and a health and wellness project. Students also choose two elective rotations covering a variety of pharmacy settings, such as long term care, nuclear pharmacy, home infusion, geriatrics, pediatrics, managed care, oncology and psychiatric pharmacy.

Prequisites: None

6
PMD 905

APPE Elective A

The Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience provides practice opportunities that require students to assume responsibility for the outcomes of drug therapy. Students develop mastery of the educational outcomes during five required and two elective rotations. Required rotations include acute care, ambulatory care, advanced institutional pharmacy, advanced community pharmacy and a health and wellness project. Students also choose two elective rotations covering a variety of pharmacy settings, such as long term care, nuclear pharmacy, home infusion, geriatrics, pediatrics, managed care, oncology and psychiatric pharmacy.

Prequisites: None

6
PMD 906

APPE Elective B

The Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience provides practice opportunities that require students to assume responsibility for the outcomes of drug therapy. Students develop mastery of the educational outcomes during five required and two elective rotations. Required rotations include acute care, ambulatory care, advanced institutional pharmacy, advanced community pharmacy and a health and wellness project. Students also choose two elective rotations covering a variety of pharmacy settings, such as long term care, nuclear pharmacy, home infusion, geriatrics, pediatrics, managed care, oncology and psychiatric pharmacy.

Prequisites: None

6

Total: 36

Electives include, but not limited to, Long Term Care, Nuclear, Home Infusion, Geriatrics, Pediatrics, Managed Care, Oncology, and Psychiatry.

Regulations

Policies For Promotion And Retention Of All Students

  1. Sequence for Compounding Program Requirements - In addition to the successful completion of coursework, including IPPEs and APPEs, all students must pass the New York state licensure examination before being allowed to practice in New York. This examination consists of the NAPLEX and two additional parts on law and laboratory skills. This program is designed consistently with the New York state licensure requirements and the professional standards and guidelines established by the ACPE.
  2. Academic Standing - Students must pass all courses and rotations with at least a 70% (“C-”) average to be considered to be in good academic standing. A grade that is lower than a “C-” must be remediated for promotion and graduation. Students must complete requirements for graduation within six years from the date of matriculation. Each student must maintain a cumulative quality point average (QPA) of 2.0 on a 4.0 scale. In order for a student to meet the standard of satisfactory academic progress to serve as an officer of an approved School of Pharmacy club/organization, the student must maintain a minimum grade point average of 3.0 with no failures in any preclinical coursework or clinical rotations..
  3. For Academic Progression - A student may only receive two grades of “D+” or lower in any given semester and a total of four during their academic career in the School of Pharmacy. A student who receives more than two grades of “D+” or lower in a given semester will be required to remediate the courses, repeat the entire semester or be dismissed from the program based on the specific circumstances as determined by the Academic Performance Committee. A student who receives more than four grades of “D+” or lower in their academic career may be dismissed from the program (four “D” policy). The only exception to the four “D” policy pertains to the Pharmacotherapeutics course sequence. A student who receives two or more “D’s” (“D+” or lower) in any of the Pharmacotherapeutics course sequence may be required to repeat part of or all of the professional year or may be dismissed from the program depending on the specific circumstances as determined by the Academic Performance Committee.
  4. Incomplete Grades - Incomplete (I) grades are issued when the instructor is not prepared to give a final mark for the semester, either because of student illness or a justifiable delay in the completion of course requirements. Incomplete grades are not issued to students whose performance prior to illness was deficient or who were unable to keep up with the course requirements. A failing grade (F) will be issued if the work is not completed before the end of the eighth week of the semester following an incomplete grade. With approval from the cooperating faculty member and the assistant dean of faculty and student affairs, one eight week extension may be granted. In order to complete the requirements for all IPPE and APPE rotations, students must submit assessment forms. Those who fail to submit assessment forms will receive an incomplete grade and their progress to the next rotation may be delayed until the documentation is submitted. If a student fails to pass his or her assigned rotations in the experiential program, the student’s performance will be evaluated by the director of experiential education.
  5. Course Withdrawal - A student may withdraw from a course(s) only after permission has been obtained from the course instructor or coordinator and a withdrawal request is processed through the office of the dean in accordance with the time period specified by D’Youville College. A withdrawal may only be granted if the student has a passing grade, and is requesting it for non-academic reasons. Withdrawal from a course(s) will not be approved solely on the basis of poor performance in the course(s), nor may a student continue to attend classes once a withdrawal has been granted.
  6. Academic Resignation - A student may resign from the program at any time prior to two weeks before the beginning of the final examinations for the term. Students who wish to resign must officially communicate this in writing to the assistant dean of faculty and student affairs. Resignation constitutes withdrawal from all courses being taken. A student who has resigned from the program must reapply as a new applicant to the program.
  7. Leave of Absence - A student who wishes to interrupt his/her studies through a leave of absence may do so only up to four individual or consecutive semesters. In order to obtain permission for a leave of absence, students must complete a request form and submit the form to the assistant dean of faculty and student affairs. Ordinarily, a student may not request a leave of absence after the twelfth week of the semester. Special consideration is given for illness or other extenuating circumstances. In the event that a student does not return at the time stipulated, the leave automatically becomes a withdrawal. The student must then apply as a new applicant to return to the School of Pharmacy.
  8. Appeal Process - A student may appeal the academic performance committee’s dismissal decision by writing a letter to the assistant dean of faculty and student affairs describing any extenuating circumstances that limited academic performance. If the appeal is accepted by the committee, the student may be reinstated but must satisfy all of the conditions outlined in the decision. If the student’s appeal is denied, the student may appeal that decision within ten days to the dean of the School of Pharmacy.
  9. Regulations for Readmitted Students - A readmitted student must maintain a cumulative Q.P.A. of 2.0 or greater and make satisfactory scholastic progress for all remaining terms in order to continue in the program. A readmitted student will be evaluated at the end of each semester and failure to meet requirements for continuing in the program will result in permanent dismissal.

Transferring Credits

Due to the highly integrated nature of the didactic and experiential components of the curriculum, the School of Pharmacy considers requests for the transfer of credits only on an individual basis. Credits accepted for transfer must be awarded from an ACPE accredited school of pharmacy. Only credits recorded on an official transcript of the issuing institution are considered for transfer. Credits accepted for transfer must be determined to be substantially equivalent to courses offered by the D’Youville College School of Pharmacy in their content and quality. Students must submit a letter from their previous school of pharmacy attesting to their “good standing” at their institution. Credits accepted for transfer must have been awarded within three years of the date of admission. The School of Pharmacy may, at its option, accept older credits if the entering student holds an earned doctorate in the pharmaceutical sciences.

Sequence For Completing Program Requirements

In addition to the successful completion of coursework, including IPPEs and APPEs, all students must pass the New York state licensure examination before being allowed to practice in New York. This examination consists of the NAPLEX and two additional parts on law and laboratory skills. This program is designed consistently with the New York State licensure requirements and the professional standards and guidelines established by the ACPE.

Disclaimer

Due to the continuing development of policies and curriculum for the School of Pharmacy at the printing of this catalog; the School of Pharmacy reserves the right to change and enforce said policies and curriculum post publication of this catalog. Students should contact the assistant dean of faculty and student affairs for the most up to date information concerning the program and its polices.

Admissions

Application Requirements

The School of Pharmacy participates in PharmCAS, the Pharmacy College Admission Service. Prospective applicants should complete the PharmCAS application by submitting the following information to PharmCAS:

  1. Results of the Pharmacy College Admissions Test (PCAT, code 104)
  2. Official transcripts from ALL colleges previously attended
  3. Three letters of reference from academic professors, employers or supervisors, and faculty or health care advisors.
  4. Non-US citizens, who have attended a foreign (non-English speaking) institute for their college coursework, must take the TOEFL and TSE and have the results reported to PharmCAS
  5. All foreign transcripts must be verified through World Education Services (WES), Educational Credential Evaluators (ECE), or Josef Silny & Associates
  6. In addition to thePharmCAS application, all candidates are required to meet the following criteria:
    1. Students admitted into the professional program are required to complete a minimum of 65 credit hours that include the following:
      Course Credit Hours DYC Course Number
      Biology I with Lab 4 BIO101/101L
      Biology II with Lab 4 BIO102/102L
      Microbiology with Lab or Anatomy and Physiology with Lab 4 BIO208/208L OR BIO 107/107L OR BIO 108/108L
      General Chemistry I with Lab 4 CHE101/101L
      General Chemistry II with Lab 4 CHE102/102L
      Organic Chemistry I with Lab 4 CHE219/219L
      Organic Chemistry II with Lab 4 CHE202/202L
      Physics I 4 PHY 101
      Biology II with Lab 4 PHY 102 or PHY112
      Calculus I 4 MAT125
      Applied Statistics 3-4 MAT123
      English Composition I 3 ENG111
      English Composition II 3 ENG112
      Public Speaking 3 SPE201
      History 3 HIS203 or HIS204 or HIS111
      Economics 3 ECO201 or ECO202
      Social Sciences 3 PSY101 or SOC101
      Humanities 3 PHI101 or PHI214 or PHI312
    2. All required science courses (biology, microbiology, anatomy and physiology, general chemistry, and organic chemistry) must have a laboratory component.
    3. If general biology is not offered at your school, you may take botany or zoology and cell biology to satisfy the general biology requirement.
    4. All pre-professional science courses must be obtained from an accredited institution for a letter grade; Pass/Fail, online, distance learning, CLEP and advanced placement courses are not accepted.
    5. All prerequisite coursework must be completed with a grade of “C” (2.0/4.0) or better.
    6. Science and math courses should be current, completed no more than five years prior to enrollment.
    7. All prerequisite math and science courses must be equivalent in scope and rigor to those required for math, chemistry and biology majors at D’Youville College.
    8. All students are expected to be proficient in the use of computer operating systems, software applications for word processing, statistical analysis, database management, presentations, e-mail, and the use of online databases
  7. Selected applicants will be invited to campus for an interview. The interview process employs a series of multiple mini-interviews to assess non-cognitive skills important to rendering patient-centered care. The School of Pharmacy’s core values (excellence, lifelong learning, cultural diversity, professionalism, leadership, social responsibility, critical inquiry and collaboration) are the domains evaluated by the mini-interviews.
Department

School of Pharmacy

The School of Pharmacy prepares students to practice in an interprofessional patient-centered environment where pharmacists are responsible for assisting patients in managing their medication regimens. Graduates of the program are taught to communicate effectively with patients and other health care practitioners, to solve problems related to drug therapy regimens, and to develop and evaluate programs to improve the health of the communities they serve.

The School of Pharmacy’s mission emphasizes leadership and service to the community. Students practice leadership skills while working collaboratively with their colleagues and the faculty on problem sets, case analyses and class service projects. Through class exercises and practice experiences the pharmacy program teaches students to care for patients and communities.

The curriculum involves 36 credit hours of Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience (APPE) beyond the three professional years of didactic coursework. The APPE comprises (6), six week (six-credit hour) rotations including an advanced community rotation, ambulatory rotation, institutional clinical rotation, Institutional operations rotation and two elective rotations.