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Biology/Chiropractic Track

A professor and students look at X-rays.

Biology/Chiropractic Track, BS + DC



The doctor of chiropractic program is comprised of two degrees: a B.S. in biology and a D.C. (doctor of chiropractic) degree. The program provides a strong knowledge base of chiropractic theory, research and clinical practice supported by the liberal arts.

The program is integrated with the college’s other health care programs and is built on a rigorous foundation of the sciences, balanced with holistic principles and practices. In the first three years, in addition to the science courses, the curriculum meets the health care professions’ need for broadly educated practitioners by grounding them in the social sciences and humanities through core courses in literature, fine arts, ethics, philosophy, religious studies and foreign language.


Course Requirements

Degree: B.S. in Biology

Chiropractic degree prerequisites for students receiving a B.S. in Biology.
In the specific areas of concentration:

Courses required in Biology:

Course Number Course Name Credits
BIO 101

Introductory Biology I

The lecture topics included are origins of life, prebiotic chemistry; and surveys of the major plant, invertebrate and vertebrate phyla. The course also includes evolutionary principles governing taxonomic criteria and the physiology of movement of d and water in plants. A three-hour lab accompanies the above lecture. Intended for biology majors and minors.

Prerequisites: Bio-101L

BIO 101L

Intro Bio Lab I

A three-hour lab accompanies the above lecture. Intended for biology majors and minors.

Prerequisites: Bio-101

BIO 102

Introductory Biology II

The lecture topics include a survey of the cell, its chemical constituents and its organelles, energy metabolism and photosynthesis. Introductory classic and molecular genetics is also covered. A three-hour lab accompanies the above lecture. Intended for biology majors and minors.

Prerequisites: BIO-102l

BIO 102L

Intro Bio Lab II

A three-hour lab accompanies the above lecture. Intended for biology majors and minors.

Prerequisites: BIO-102

BIO 208


This course is an introduction to the morphology, physiology, ecology and replication modes of bacterial and eukaryote microorganisms as well as viruses. Pathogens associated with human disease are used to illustrate these general concepts. Methods used by microbes to resist antimicrobial drugs, transfer antimicrobial resistance and methods used to control the growth of microorganisms are also discussed. Emphasis is given to mechanisms of pathogenesis used by bacteria and viruses. The means used by humans to prevent or rid the body of microbial agents are also discussed. In the laboratory, students gain skills in sterile technique, stain procedures and biochemical tests used to characterize bacteria. Methods used to control microbial growths are also studied. The course consists of three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.

Prerequisites: (BIO-101,BIO-101L,BIO-102,BIO-102L) or (BIO-107,BIO -107L,BIO-108,BIO-108L), Bio-208L, 2 semesters of college chemistry or take CHE-114.

BIO 208L

Microbiology Lab

This course accompanies BIO 208. This course consists of three hours of laboratory a week.

Prerequisites: Bio-208

BIO 208L

Microbiology Lab

This course is only available for transfer students and accompanies BIO 208. This course consists of three hours of laboratory a week. Prior instructor consent is required to register.

Prerequisites: None

BIO 302


This is an examination of the principles of classic and molecular genetics. Topics discussed include Mendel’s contribution, linkage, gene mapping, structure and function of DNA and RNA; bacterial and viral genetics, gene function, mutation, regulation of gene activity, recombinant DNA technology and quantitative and population genetics. Laboratory experiments with Drosophila, bacteria and fungi demonstrate principles discussed in the lecture. The course consists of three lectures and three hours of laboratory a week.
Offered in: Spring Only
Prerequisites: BIO-101 BIO-101L BIO-102 BIO-102L. Must have a minimum of a 2.2 GPA., BIO-302L

BIO 302L

Genetics Lab

The course consists of three laboratory hours a week.

Prerequisites: BIO-302

BIO 312

Molecular Cell Biology

This is a detailed analysis of cellular organelles in relation to active transport, endocytosis, cell-to-cell communications, cell development and protein synthesis. Chromosome organization, gene structure, RNA synthesis and regulation of gene expression are also considered. Discussions will emphasize techniques and key experiments that have helped in the development and formulation of contemporary concepts. This course consists of three hours of lectures and one discussion hour a week.
Offered in: Spring Only
Prerequisites: 1 of (BIO-102 BIO-102L) or (BIO-108 BIO-108L), BIO-303 BIO-303L

BIO 107L

Human Anatomy & Physiology Laboratory

This course accompanies BIO 107. This course consists of three hours of laboratory a week.

Prerequisites: BIO-107

BIO 108L

Human Anatomy & Physiology II Lab

This course accompanies BIO 108. This course consists of three hours of laboratory a week.

Prerequisites: BIO-108

BIO 303


This one-semester course emphasizes structure/function relationships among the components responsible for the biochemical functions of life. Topics include proteins, enzymes, carbohydrates, bioenergetics, metabolism (catabolism and anabolism), lipids, membranes, nucleic acids, biotechnology, biochemical methods, vitamins and nutrition. This course is cross-listed with CHE 303.

Prerequisites: 1 group: (CHE-219 CHE-219L BIO-101 BIO-101L BIO-102 BIO-102L) or (CHE-219 CHE-219L BIO-107 BIO-107L BIO-108 BIO-108L) or be a chemistry major and take (CHE-219 CHE-219L CHE-220 CHE-220L), BIO-303L

BIO 303L

Biochemistry Laboratory

This laboratory supports BIO 303lecture course. Students required to take BIO 303 are also required to take BIO 303L (except for physician assisting students).

Prerequisites: BIO-303

BIO 307


This is a study of disease processes as disturbances of the body's homeostasis. The body's defense mechanisms and their breakdown are emphasized. Various clinical assessment methods are discussed. The course consists of three lectures a week.

Prerequisites: BIO-107,BIO-107L BIO-108,BIO-108L (CHE-111,CHE-112) or (CHE-101 CHE-101L CHE-102 CHE-102L) Chiropractic students can take BIO-507L BIO-508L BIO-659 BIO-660

BIO 310


Individuals are continually exposed to foreign substances (antigens) and respond to them in ways that are both harmful and beneficial. Many areas of biology use the in vitro techniques of immunology. Thus, immunology integrates such diverse fields as genetics, biochemistry, physiology and medicine and is relevant for biology and health science students alike. The purpose of this course is therefore to introduce the student to the chemistry of antigens and antibodies, the biology of the immune response, including both harmful and beneficial aspects in the function of the cells, organs and molecules of the immune system. Immunologic techniques and their applications will also be examined.

Prerequisites: (BIO-101 BIO-101L ,BIO-102, BIO-102L) OR BIO-107, (BIO-107L,BIO-108, BIO-108L) AND CHE-101,CHE-102, (BIO-101 BIO-101L ,BIO-102, BIO-102L) OR BIO-107, (BIO-107L,BIO-108, BIO-108L) AND CHE-101,CHE-102

BIO 339

Human Gross Anatomy

This is a lecture and laboratory course in human gross anatomy, which uses cadaver dissection and other materials illustrative of human anatomy. Emphasis will be placed upon the anatomy of skeletal muscles, including their bony attachments, nerve and blood supply and their functions in movements. Additional dissections will involve a survey of abdominal and thoracic organs, anatomy of the head and contents of the cranial cavity. The course consists of two lecture hours and eight lab hours a week.

Prerequisites: BIO-339L. Physician Assistant students will take BIO-639L., (BIO-107 BIO-107L BIO-108 BIO-108L) or BIO-317.

BIO 339L

Gross Anat Lab

Prerequisites: BIO-339

Total 38

Other Math and Science requirements:

Course Number Course Name Credits
CHE 101

General Chemistry I

This introduction to fundamental chemical principles includes topics such as atomic structure, bonding and properties of gases, liquids, solids and solutions. The course consists of three lectures and three hours of laboratory a week.

Prerequisites: High school chemistry and CPC-022 or 3 years of high school mathematics or MAT-117 or MAT-122, CHE-101L

CHE 101L

General Chemistry Laboratory

Three hours of laboratory.

Prerequisites: CHE-101

CHE 102

General Chemistry II

This course is a continuation of Chemistry 101. Topics include chemical equilibria, kinetics and oxidation reduction systems.

Prerequisites: CHE-101, CHE-102L

CHE 102L

General Chemistry Laboratory II

Three hours of laboratory.

Prerequisites: CHE-101L, CHE-102

CHE 219

Organic Chemistry

This course is a survey of the functional groups germane to organic chemistry. In particular, emphasis is placed on the physical properties, nomenclature, conformation, synthesis and reactions of alkanes, alkenes, alkynes. Additionally, the recognition of isomers from constitutional stereoisomers such as enantiomers and diastereomers is also stressed.

Prerequisites: CHE-101, CHE-101L, CHE-102, CHE-102L, CHE-219L

CHE 219L

Organic Chemistry Lab

This lab emphasizes purification techniques central to organic chemistry such as recrystallization, distillation (simple and fractional), extraction, chromatography (column and thin layer), and chemical modification. Also, several syntheses are chosen to illustrate lecture material such as, but not limited to reactions such as substitution and bond cleavage. It consists of three hours of lab a week.

Prerequisites: CHE-209 or CHE-219

CHE 220

Organic Chemistry II

This course is a continuation of CHE 219. The physical properties, nomenclature, synthesis and reactions of aromatic rings, alcohols, aldehydes and ketones. Amines, carboxylic acids and its derivatives, ethers, epoxides, sulfides, conjugated systems, aromaticity and enols are studied. The theory and application of a variety of spectroscopic (infrared, nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spec) methods are also covered.

Prerequisites: CHE-219, CHE-220L

CHE 220L

Organic Chemistry II Lab

This lab emphasizes the reactions that are covered in lecture such as, but not limited to, ester synthesis, electrophilic substitution of an aromatic ring, Grignard reagents and reduction of carbonyl compounds. This lab also places an importance on mastering spectroscopic methods such as IR and NMR utilizing in-house instrumentation. It consists of three hours of lab a week.

Prerequisites: CHE-219L, CHE-220

MAT 125

Calculus I

Basic theory of functions, limits, continuity, derivatives and integrals are taught. Some emphasis is placed on the structure of the real number system.

Prerequisites: MAT-122 or have an SAT Math Sub-score 600+ or ACT 26+.

MAT 126

Calculus II

The course explores the basic techniques for integration as well as elementary transcendental functions and the applications of differential and integral calculus.

Prerequisites: MAT-125

PHY 101L

Gen Physics Lab I

Prerequisites: None

PHY 102L

Gen Physics Lab II

This course is a physics laboratory to accompany PHY 103. The course includes experiments in mechanics and oscillatory motion.

Prerequisites: None

Total 26

Biology requirements: 43
Other Math and Science requirements: 32
Core and elective requirements: 48
Total: 123


Academic Regulations

The following chiropractic academic policies are in addition to college policies:

  1. Students must obtain a grade of C or better for all 500+-level courses and maintain a minimum of a 2.50 cumulative G.P.A. at both the undergraduate and graduate levels.
  2. Students who meet the admission requirements for the D.C. professional degree program need not reapply and will be admitted automatically into that program.
  3. Students in years one through four who are working to achieve an undergraduate degree are classified as undergraduate students and therefore can apply for undergraduate financial aid.

Admission Requirements

First Time Freshmen

Freshmen applicants into the sequential B.S. in Biology + Doctor of Chiropractic (DC) program must satisfy the following admission criteria:

Freshman Admission Criteria
1. Combined SAT scores of at least 1080 (Math and Verbal) or composite ACT score of 21, and
2. High school average of at least 85 percent or 2.85 on a four-point scale, and
3. Succesful completion of two years of math and three years of science; physics is strongly recommended.

Transfer Students

Students entering D'Youville College as a transfer student must meet the following entrance criteria:

Criteria for Admission: Transfer students with a 2.5 cumulative GPA or higher will be considered for admission.

Average Cumulative GPA: 3.26

Review the steps to apply for admission to D'Youville as a transfer student.


Department of Biology and Mathematics

Knowledge of science and mathematics is essential to the development of a liberally educated person. The student with a special interest in biology and mathematics will find a foundation for a wide variety of professional careers. These career opportunities are expanding rapidly in today’s increasingly technological society.

The community of scholars that comprises the faculty of math and natural sciences is committed to excellence in teaching, learning and research. The Biology and Mathematics department faculty encourage scholarship, skeptical inquiry and the free exchange of ideas within the department and in the classroom and laboratory, and promote the application of this knowledge beyond those settings. The department seeks to foster these principles in every one of its students, regardless of academic background, in ways that can both be measured and defy measurement.

All D'Youville students take some science and mathematics courses within the department. The department offers two bachelor’s degrees in biology and two in mathematics. Requirements for these programs are listed in the courses of instruction section of this catalog. The department offers structured minors in analytics, anatomy, bioinformatics, biology, environmental science, mathematics and natural sciences. The department also provides the basic science courses for many programs, including nursing, physician assistant, physical therapy, chiropractic, liberal studies in education and occupational therapy.

Students within the department must maintain a minimum 2.0 grade point average in courses taken at D’Youville in their subject area.