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Biology B.S.

D'Youville professor teaching the skeletal structure in front of a class.

Biology, B.S.

Overview

B.S. Program

This program has been designed to satisfy the admission requirements of medical, dental, veterinary, physical therapy, pharmacy and chiropractic schools and provides a sound preparation for many graduate programs in the sciences. Students interested in a degree in physical therapy will matriculate in a sequential-degree, entry-level P.T. program (B.S. in biology + D.P.T. program). Entering freshmen matriculate in and complete a B.S. in biology degree under the program administration of the math and natural sciences department. Upon completion of the B.S. in biology, qualified graduate students then move directly into the three-year doctor of physical therapy program (D.P.T.).

A total of 38 hours in biology, including BIO 101-102, 302, 303 and 312 are required. BIO 302 should be taken in the second year, 303 in the junior year and 312 in the senior year. The additional 18 credit hours must be selected from BIO 107, 108, 208, 216, 218, 229, 230, 231, 242, 304, 309, 310, 314, 317, 320, 330, 331, 332, 335, 336, 339, 342, 350, 351, 375, 389-390, 403, 407-410, 479-480 and 659/660. CHE 101-102, 219-220, MAT 125-126 and PHY 101-102 are also required. It is expected that courses that have accompanying laboratory sections will be completed as well.

In addition to the above science courses, many medical schools stress the need for applicants with a broad and humanities-based education. After consulting their advisor, students should select courses in philosophy, ethics, history and literature to contribute to their liberal arts education. A pre-medical advisory committee gives students current information about medical schools. A faculty advisor will advise students interested in graduate school possibilities. The department also offers assistance for the student to prepare for graduate school entrance exams (e.g., GRE, MCAT, DAT and VAT).

 

Courses

Course Requirements

Biology
Degree: B.S. for Health Professions Preparation (D.P.T)

Course Requirements for the Major:

In the specific areas of concentration:

Course Number Course Name Credits
BIO 101

Introductory Biology I

The lecture topics included are origins of life, prebiotic chemistry; and surveys of the major plant, invertebrate and vertebrate phyla. The course also includes evolutionary principles governing taxonomic criteria and the physiology of movement of d and water in plants. A three-hour lab accompanies the above lecture. Intended for biology majors and minors.

Prequisites: Bio-101L

4
BIO 101L

Intro Bio Lab I

A three-hour lab accompanies the above lecture. Intended for biology majors and minors.

Prequisites: Bio-101

0
BIO 102

Introductory Biology II

The lecture topics include a survey of the cell, its chemical constituents and its organelles, energy metabolism and photosynthesis. Introductory classic and molecular genetics is also covered. A three-hour lab accompanies the above lecture. Intended for biology majors and minors.

Prequisites: CPC-022, BIO-102l

4
BIO 102L

Intro Bio Lab II

A three-hour lab accompanies the above lecture. Intended for biology majors and minors.

Prequisites: BIO-102

0
BIO 302

Genetics

This is an examination of the principles of classic and molecular genetics. Topics discussed include Mendel’s contribution, linkage, gene mapping, structure and function of DNA and RNA; bacterial and viral genetics, gene function, mutation, regulation of gene activity, recombinant DNA technology and quantitative and population genetics. Laboratory experiments with Drosophila, bacteria and fungi demonstrate principles discussed in the lecture. The course consists of three lectures and three hours of laboratory a week.
Offered in: Spring Only
Prequisites: BIO-101 BIO-101L BIO-102 BIO-102L. Must have a minimumof a 2.2 GPA., BIO-302L

4
BIO 302L

Genetics Lab

The course consists of three laboratory hours a week.

Prequisites: BIO-302

0
*BIO 303

Biochemistry

This one-semester course emphasizes structure/function relationships among the components responsible for the biochemical functions of life. Topics include proteins, enzymes, carbohydrates, bioenergetics, metabolism (catabolism and anabolism), lipids, membranes, nucleic acids, biotechnology, biochemical methods, vitamins and nutrition. This course is cross-listed with CHE 303.

Prequisites: 1 group: (CHE-219 CHE-219L BIO-101 BIO-101L BIO-102 BIO-102L) or(CHE-219 CHE-219L BIO-107 BIO-107L BIO-108 BIO-108L) or bea chemistry major and take (CHE-219 CHE-219L CHE-220CHE-220L), BIO-303L

3
*BIO 303L

Biochemistry Laboratory

This laboratory supports BIO 303lecture course. Students required to take BIO 303 are also required to take BIO 303L (except for physician assisting students).

Prequisites: BIO-303

1
BIO 312

Molecular Cell Biology

This is a detailed analysis of cellular organelles in relation to active transport, endocytosis, cell-to-cell communications, cell development and protein synthesis. Chromosome organization, gene structure, RNA synthesis and regulation of gene expression are also considered. Discussions will emphasize techniques and key experiments that have helped in the development and formulation of contemporary concepts. This course consists of three hours of lectures and one discussion hour a week.
Offered in: Spring Only
Prequisites: 1 of (BIO-102 BIO-102L) or (BIO-108 BIO-108L), BIO-303 BIO-303L

4

Biology electives including:

Course Number Course Name Credits
*BIO 107

Human Anatomy & Physiology I

This is a study of the structural and functional relationships of the human organism, emphasizing cells and tissues, the integument, skeletal system, muscular system, nervous system and sense organs. This course consists of three lectures a week.

Prequisites: CPC-022, 1 semester of college chemistry., BIO-107L and BIO-107R

3
*BIO 107L

Human Anatomy & Physiology Laboratory

This course accompanies BIO 107. This course consists of three hours of laboratory a week.

Prequisites: BIO-107

1
*BIO 108

Human Anatomy & Physiology II

This continuation of BIO 107 emphasizes the digestive system, respiratory system, blood, cardiovascular system, urinary system, reproductive systems, endocrine system, human genetics and development. This course consists of three lectures a week.

Prequisites: CPC-022, Prior completion of BIO-107/L, BIO-108L

3
*BIO 108L

Human Anatomy & Physiology II Lab

This course accompanies BIO 108. This course consists of three hours of laboratory a week.

Prequisites: BIO-108

1

Biology electives for majors: 10

In other academic areas required for the major:

Course Number Course Name Credits
*CHE 101

General Chemistry I

This introduction to fundamental chemical principles includes topics such as atomic structure, bonding and properties of gases, liquids, solids and solutions. The course consists of three lectures and three hours of laboratory a week.

Prequisites: High school chemistry or CPC-022 or 3 years of high school mathematics or MAT-117 or MAT-122, CHE-101L

3
*CHE 101L

General Chemistry Laboratory

Three hours of laboratory.

Prequisites: CHE-101

1
*CHE 102

General Chemistry II

This course is a continuation of Chemistry 101. Topics include chemical equilibria, kinetics and oxidation reduction systems.

Prequisites: CHE-101,CHE-101L, CHE-102L

3
*CHE 102L

General Chemistry Laboratory II

Three hours of laboratory.

Prequisites: CHE-102

1
*CHE 219

Organic Chemistry

This course is a survey of the functional groups germane to organic chemistry. In particular, emphasis is placed on the physical properties, nomenclature, conformation, synthesis and reactions of alkanes, alkenes, alkynes. Additionally, the recognition of isomers from constitutional stereoisomers such as enantiomers and diastereomers is also stressed.

Prequisites: CHE-101, CHE-101L, CHE-102, CHE-102L, CHE-219L

3
*CHE 219L

Organic Chemistry Lab

This lab emphasizes purification techniques central to organic chemistry such as recrystallization, distillation (simple and fractional), extraction, chromatography (column and thin layer), and chemical modification. Also, several syntheses are chosen to illustrate lecture material such as, but not limited to reactions such as substitution and bond cleavage. It consists of three hours of lab a week.

Prequisites: CHE-219

1
*CHE 220

Organic Chemistry II

This course is a continuation of CHE 219. The physical properties, nomenclature, synthesis and reactions of aromatic rings, alcohols, aldehydes and ketones. Amines, carboxylic acids and its derivatives, ethers, epoxides, sulfides, conjugated systems, aromaticity and enols are studied. The theory and application of a variety of spectroscopic (infrared, nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spec) methods are also covered.

Prequisites: CHE-219 CHE-219L, CHE-220L

3
*CHE 220L

Organic Chemistry II Lab

This lab emphasizes the reactions that are covered in lecture such as, but not limited to, ester synthesis, electrophilic substitution of an aromatic ring, Grignard reagents and reduction of carbonyl compounds. This lab also places an importance on mastering spectroscopic methods such as IR and NMR utilizing in-house instrumentation. It consists of three hours of lab a week.

Prequisites: CHE-220

1
MAT 125

Calculus I

Basic theory of functions, limits, continuity, derivatives and integrals are taught. Some emphasis is placed on the structure of the real number system.

Prequisites: MAT-122 or have an SAT Math Sub-score 600+ or ACT 26+.

4
MAT 126

Calculus II

The course explores the basic techniques for integration as well as elementary transcendental functions and the applications of differential and integral calculus.

Prequisites: MAT-125

4
*PHY 101

General Physics I

This calculus-based course is an introduction to the principles of kinematics and dynamics as they apply to both translational and rotational motion. Topics include Newton's laws, forces, friction, gravity, Kepler's laws, dot products and cross products, potential and kinetic energy, and momentum. Considerable attention is paid to the intellectual history that accompanied the emergence of the Newtonian world view.

Prequisites: Mat-125, Phy-101L

3
*PHY 101L

Gen Physics Lab I



Prequisites: None

1
*PHY 102

General Physics

This course is a continuation of PHY 101. The course covers statics, fluids, oscillations, sound and waves, temperature and heat, electricity and magnetism, and geometric optics.

Prequisites: Phy-101, Mat-126, Phy-102L

3
*PHY 102L

Gen Physics Lab II

This course is a physics laboratory to accompany PHY 103. The course includes experiments in mechanics and oscillatory motion.

Prequisites: None

1

Health Professions preparation option (D.P.T. preparation):

Course Number Course Name Credits
*SOC 101

Principles of Sociology

This course examines interactions among individuals and groups within institutions. Attention is paid to the role of the state and the super-state in perpetuating social stratification in both North America and globally,and how unequal power relations organize society and shape identities. The ways in which individuals negotiate their lives in different social and economic contexts are also considered. Fundamental sociological concepts are investigated, such as culture,socialization, stratification,social structure,social institutions,and social interactions.

Prequisites: None

3
*PSY 101

General Psychology

This course is an overall survey of the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. Topics include biology of behavior,sensation and perception consciousness, learning and memory,intelligence,motivation and emotion, stress and personality.

Prequisites: None

3
*HSM 203

Medical Terminology

This course applies medical terminology including word components (root word, prefix and suffix), medical abbreviations, pathologies and diagnostic tests. Students also learn how to conduct a chart review, interpret admission notes, surgical reports, discharge summaries, and understand the components of a SOAP note.

Prequisites: None

1
*MAT 123

Introduction to Applied Statistics

This course includes the underlying fundamental mathematical principles and their application to a wide range of statistical methods and tests. Included are the following: sampling, frequency distributions, probability, regression,confidence intervals, hypothesis testing, t-test, analysis of variance, chi-square and correlation. Existent computer software such as MiniTab is utilized by students to aid and facilitate the analysis of results. Not open to those who have taken MAT 120

Prequisites: one computer science course or take 1 course fromPHY-101L PHY-103L or PHY-111L

4

*Denotes specific prerequisite coursework requiring a minimum grade of B and a G.P.A. of 3.20 to enter the D.P.T. graduate program. Of the four chemistry courses, only the best two must be considered for the prerequisite G.P.A.

Major Biology B.S. and D.P.T. preparation: 70
Core requirements (in addition to course subsumed above): 36
Health Professions option (D.P.T.): 14
Total: 120


Biology
Degree: B.S. for Pre-Med, Pre-Veternarian, Pre-Dental, Pre-Pharmacy, and Pre-Chiropractic

Course Requirements for the Major:

In the specific areas of concentration:

Course Number Course Name Credits
BIO 101

Introductory Biology I

The lecture topics included are origins of life, prebiotic chemistry; and surveys of the major plant, invertebrate and vertebrate phyla. The course also includes evolutionary principles governing taxonomic criteria and the physiology of movement of d and water in plants. A three-hour lab accompanies the above lecture. Intended for biology majors and minors.

Prequisites: Bio-101L

4
BIO 101L

Intro Bio Lab I

A three-hour lab accompanies the above lecture. Intended for biology majors and minors.

Prequisites: Bio-101

0
BIO 102

Introductory Biology II

The lecture topics include a survey of the cell, its chemical constituents and its organelles, energy metabolism and photosynthesis. Introductory classic and molecular genetics is also covered. A three-hour lab accompanies the above lecture. Intended for biology majors and minors.

Prequisites: CPC-022, BIO-102l

4
BIO 102L

Intro Bio Lab II

A three-hour lab accompanies the above lecture. Intended for biology majors and minors.

Prequisites: BIO-102

0
BIO 302

Genetics

This is an examination of the principles of classic and molecular genetics. Topics discussed include Mendel’s contribution, linkage, gene mapping, structure and function of DNA and RNA; bacterial and viral genetics, gene function, mutation, regulation of gene activity, recombinant DNA technology and quantitative and population genetics. Laboratory experiments with Drosophila, bacteria and fungi demonstrate principles discussed in the lecture. The course consists of three lectures and three hours of laboratory a week.
Offered in: Spring Only
Prequisites: BIO-101 BIO-101L BIO-102 BIO-102L. Must have a minimumof a 2.2 GPA., BIO-302L

4
BIO 302L

Genetics Lab

The course consists of three laboratory hours a week.

Prequisites: BIO-302

0
BIO 303

Biochemistry

This one-semester course emphasizes structure/function relationships among the components responsible for the biochemical functions of life. Topics include proteins, enzymes, carbohydrates, bioenergetics, metabolism (catabolism and anabolism), lipids, membranes, nucleic acids, biotechnology, biochemical methods, vitamins and nutrition. This course is cross-listed with CHE 303.

Prequisites: 1 group: (CHE-219 CHE-219L BIO-101 BIO-101L BIO-102 BIO-102L) or(CHE-219 CHE-219L BIO-107 BIO-107L BIO-108 BIO-108L) or bea chemistry major and take (CHE-219 CHE-219L CHE-220CHE-220L), BIO-303L

3
BIO 303L

Biochemistry Laboratory

This laboratory supports BIO 303lecture course. Students required to take BIO 303 are also required to take BIO 303L (except for physician assisting students).

Prequisites: BIO-303

1
BIO 312

Molecular Cell Biology

This is a detailed analysis of cellular organelles in relation to active transport, endocytosis, cell-to-cell communications, cell development and protein synthesis. Chromosome organization, gene structure, RNA synthesis and regulation of gene expression are also considered. Discussions will emphasize techniques and key experiments that have helped in the development and formulation of contemporary concepts. This course consists of three hours of lectures and one discussion hour a week.
Offered in: Spring Only
Prequisites: 1 of (BIO-102 BIO-102L) or (BIO-108 BIO-108L), BIO-303 BIO-303L

4

Biology electives chosen from: (18 credits)

Course Number Course Name Credits
BIO 107

Human Anatomy & Physiology I

This is a study of the structural and functional relationships of the human organism, emphasizing cells and tissues, the integument, skeletal system, muscular system, nervous system and sense organs. This course consists of three lectures a week.

Prequisites: CPC-022, 1 semester of college chemistry., BIO-107L and BIO-107R

3
BIO 107L

Human Anatomy & Physiology Laboratory

This course accompanies BIO 107. This course consists of three hours of laboratory a week.

Prequisites: BIO-107

1
BIO 108

Human Anatomy & Physiology II

This continuation of BIO 107 emphasizes the digestive system, respiratory system, blood, cardiovascular system, urinary system, reproductive systems, endocrine system, human genetics and development. This course consists of three lectures a week.

Prequisites: CPC-022, Prior completion of BIO-107/L, BIO-108L

3
BIO 108L

Human Anatomy & Physiology II Lab

This course accompanies BIO 108. This course consists of three hours of laboratory a week.

Prequisites: BIO-108

1
BIO 208

Microbiology

This course is an introduction to the morphology, physiology, ecology and replication modes of bacterial and eukaryote microorganisms as well as viruses. Pathogens associated with human disease are used to illustrate these general concepts. Methods used by microbes to resist antimicrobial drugs, transfer antimicrobial resistance and methods used to control the growth of microorganisms are also discussed. Emphasis is given to mechanisms of pathogenesis used by bacteria and viruses. The means used by humans to prevent or rid the body of microbial agents are also discussed. In the laboratory, students gain skills in sterile technique, stain procedures and biochemical tests used to characterize bacteria. Methods used to control microbial growths are also studied. The course consists of three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.

Prequisites: (BIO-101,BIO-101L,BIO-102,BIO-102L) or (BIO-107,BIO-107L,BIO-108,BIO-108L), Bio-208L, 2 semesters of college chemistry or take CHE-114.

4
BIO 208L

Microbiology Lab

This course accompanies BIO 208. This course consists of three hours of laboratory a week.

Prequisites: Bio-208

0
BIO 216

Marine Biology

This is an introduction to the life of the seas. It begins with basic information about the chemical, physical and geological nature of the oceans. All major marine communities are surveyed, Including coastal zones and estuaries, coral reefs, the open ocean and the exotic communities of the deep sea. Extra attention is given to special topics of particular importance or interest. The final section concerns human interactions with the marine world and threats that they pose to it.

Prequisites: BIO-101,BIO-101L,BIO-102,BIO-102L

3
BIO 218

Invertebrate Zoology

This is a survey of the major invertebrate groups with emphasis on their diverse patterns of form and function. Coverage of each group includes its distinguishing characteristics and patterns of adaptations for coping with the needs of life by following examples of selected species. Basic biological principles and special impacts on humans are discussed when appropriate. In the laboratory, live and preserved specimens from marine, freshwater and terrestrial habitats are used to explore aspects of anatomy, physiology and behavior. The course consists of three lectures and three hours of laboratory a week.

Prequisites: BIO-101 BIO-101L BIO-102 BIO-102L, BIO-218L

4
BIO 218L

Invertebrate Zoology Lab



Prequisites: BIO-218

0
BIO 229

Ecology

This is a broad introduction to the basic concepts of ecology as they pertain to population, evolutionary processes, communities and ecosystems. Several current environmental problems are explored in the light of these concepts. Laboratory includes a mix of lab and field exercises designed to put lecture topics into practice. The course consists of three lectures and three laboratory hours a week.

Prequisites: BIO-101 BIO-101L BIO-102 BIO-102L, BIO-229L

4
BIO 229L

Ecology Lab

The course consists of three laboratory hours a week.

Prequisites: BIO-229

0
BIO 230

Foundations of Environmental Science

This course examines the interactions between the physical, chemical, and biological components of the environment and human populations. Topics to be included but not limited to the course are 1)the impact of human activities on air and water quality, 2)the use of natural resources including renewable and non-renewable energy sources, minerals and biological resources,3)conservation and biodiversity, and 4)land use including wildlife, fisheries and forest management, recreational uses and agriculture. This course requires a weekly 3 hour lecture and a 3 hour laboratory. The laboratory portion of the course will examine present practices and problems associated with environmental issues through field trips and laboratory/field experiments.
Offered in: Fall Only
Prequisites: BIO-101 BIO-101L, (BIO-102 BIO-102L) or (BIO-303 BIO-303L), BIO-230L

4
BIO 230L

Foundations of Environmental Science

This course examines the interactions between the physical, chemical, and biological components of the environment and human populations. Topics to be included but not limited to the course are 1)the impact of human activities on air and water quality, 2)the use of natural resources including renewable and non-renewable energy sources, minerals and biological resources,3)conservation and biodiversity, and 4)land use including wildlife, fisheries and forest management, recreational uses and agriculture. This course requires a weekly 3 hour lecture and a 3 hour laboratory. The laboratory portion of the course will examine present practices and problems associated with environmental issues through field trips and laboratory/field experiments.
Offered in: Fall Only
Prequisites: BIO-101 BIO-101L, (BIO-102 BIO-102L) or (BIO-303 BIO-303L), BIO-230

0
BIO 231

Environmental Geology

This course and required laboratory is designed to be an introduction to Environmental Geology through a broad survey of topics which are interconnected by society and geologic processes. These topics include Earth systems, geosphere materials, plate tectonics, earthquakes, volcanoes, rivers and flooding, land stability, coastal change, water, soil, mineral and energy resources, climate changes and human environmental impact. Laboratory experiences will be related to the course objectives and will include offsite experiences. Prerequisite: BIO 101/L and (BIO 102/L OR BIO 303/L). Offered each spring semester as needed.
Offered in: Spring Only
Prequisites: BIO-101 BIO-101L, (BIO-102 BIO-102L) or (BIO-303 BIO-303L), BIO-231L

4
BIO 231L

Environmental Geology Lab

This course and required laboratory is designed to be an introduction to Environmental Geology through a broad survey of topics which are interconnected by society and geologic processes. These topics include Earth systems, geosphere materials, plate tectonics, earthquakes, volcanoes, rivers and flooding, land stability, coastal change, water, soil, mineral and energy resouces, climate changes and human environmental impact. Laboratory experiences will be related to the course objectives and will include offsite experiences. Prerequisite: BIO 101/L and (BIO 102/L OR BIO 303/L). Offered each spring semester as needed.
Offered in: Spring Only
Prequisites: BIO-101 BIO-101L, (BIO-102 BIO-102L) or (BIO-303 BIO-303L), BIO-231

0
BIO 242

Evolution

Evolution is the single most unifying theory in the biological sciences. This course traces the beginnings of Darwinian-Wallace evolution by natural selection and places this theory in historical perspective. Current evidences of evolution are given and explained and evolution at the gene level is discussed. The emphasis of the course is on biological and biochemical adaptations to changing environments. Some limited treatment of population genetics is included.

Prequisites: BIO-101 BIO-101L BIO-102 BIO-102L

3
BIO 304

Microscopic Anatomy

This course examines the organ systems of the body microscopically. The development, histology, histophysiology and histopathology of the tissues and organs of the body will be presented in lecture. The lab incorporates microscopic examination of the organ systems and training in processing of tissue for imaging and instruction in the use of imaging equipment. The course consists of two lectures and four hours of laboratory a week.
Offered in: Spring Only
Prequisites: (BIO-101, BIO-101L,BIO-102,BIO 102L) or (BIO-107,BIO-107L,BIO-108, BIO-108L), BIO-304L

4
BIO 304L

Microscopic Anatomy Lab

This course examines the organ systems of the body microscopically. The development, histology, histophysiology and histopathology of the tissues and organs of the body will be presented in lecture. The lab incorporates microscopic examination of the organ systems and training in processing of tissue for imaging and instruction in the use of imaging equipment. The course consists of two lectures and four hours of laboratory a week.
Offered in: Spring Only
Prequisites: (BIO-101, BIO-101L,BIO-102,BIO 102L) or (BIO-107,BIO-107L,BIO-108, BIO-108L), BIO-304

0
BIO 309

Virology

This course is the study of structure and activity of animal, plant and bacterial viruses. This course is three lectures.

Prequisites: BIO-303

3
BIO 310

Immunology

Individuals are continually exposed to foreign substances (antigens) and respond to them in ways that are both harmful and beneficial. Many areas of biology use the in vitro techniques of immunology. Thus, immunology integrates such diverse fields as genetics, biochemistry, physiology and medicine and is relevant for biology and health science students alike. The purpose of this course is therefore to introduce the student to the chemistry of antigens and antibodies, the biology of the immune response, including both harmful and beneficial aspects in the function of the cells, organs and molecules of the immune system. Immunologic techniques and their applications will also be examined.

Prequisites: (BIO-101 BIO-101L ,BIO-102, BIO-102L) OR BIO-107,(BIO-107L,BIO-108, BIO-108L) AND CHE-101,CHE-102, (BIO-101 BIO-101L ,BIO-102, BIO-102L) OR BIO-107,(BIO-107L,BIO-108, BIO-108L) AND CHE-101,CHE-102

3
BIO 314

Botany

This course is a survey of biology of plants with emphasis on taxonomy, morphology, physiology and the importance to man. This course is three lectures and three hours of lab.

Prequisites: BIO-314L, BIO-101 BIO-101L BIO-102 BIO-102L

4
BIO 317

Comparative Anatomy

This is a study of vertebrates and their chordate origins, including an overview emphasizing their historical relationships. The major systems, such as integument, muscular, nervous, endocrine, circulatory, and skeletal, are presented with examples from the major vertebrate groups. The course consists of three lectures and three hours of laboratory a week.

Prequisites: BIO-317L, (BIO-101 BIO-101L BIO-102 BIO-102L) or (BIO-107BIO-107L BIO-108 BIO-108L)

4
BIO 317L

Comparative Anatomy Lab

The course consists of three laboratory hours a week.

Prequisites: BIO-317

0
BIO 320

Developmental Biology

This is a study of the principles of development and their application to animal and plant embryos, regeneration, metamorphosis, cancer and related processes. The laboratory includes observation and experimentation with living animal and plant material, plant tissue culture, and examination of prepared slides. The course consists of three lectures and three hours of laboratory a week.
Offered in: Spring Only
Prequisites: BIO-320L, BIO-101 BIO 101L BIO-102 BIO 102L, BIO-302

4
BIO 320L

Dev Biology Lab



Prequisites: BIO-320

0
BIO 330

Environmental Microbiology

This course and required laboratory will focus on microbes, their biochemistry and their interactions with higher animals in specific ecologies. Microbes play a primary,and often overlooked, role in every ecosystem on Earth. The unique biochemistries of these microbes are responsible for a wealth of activities critical to human and planetary health,including oxygen generation,carbon and nitrogen bioavailability,bioremediation of pollutants, decomposition of organic matter,nutrient cycling and human sanitation. This course is not intended as the required course in a health sciences major as it eschews medical microbes in favor of environmentally or commercially important microorganisms. This course requires a weekly 3 hour lecture and a 3 hour laboratory.
Offered in: Fall Only
Prequisites: Four (4) credits of college level chemistry., BIO-330L, (BIO-102 BIO-102L or (BIO-108 BIO-108L)

4
BIO 330L

Environmental Microbiology Lab

This course and required Laboratory will focus on microbes, their biochemistry and their interactions with higher animals in specific ecologies. Microbes play a primary, and often overlooked, role in every ecosystem on Earth. The unique biochemistries of these microbes are responsible for a wealth of activities critical to human and planetary health, including; oxygen generation, carbon and nitrogen bioavailability, bioremediation of pollutants, decomposition of organic matter,nutrient cycling and human sanitation. This course is not intended as the required course a health sciences major as it eschews medical microbes in favor of environmentally or commercially important microorganisms. This course requires a weekly 3 hour lecture and 3 hour laboratory.

Prequisites: BIO-330

0
BIO 331

Conservation Biology

Conservation Biology combines ecology, physiology, molecular biology, genetics, and evolutionary biology in order to conserve biological diversity. It is the aim of conservation biology to understand the human threats to biodiversity and prevent any further loss. Topics covered will include, defining, measuring, and patterns of biodiversity, the negative effect of habitat loss, invasive species, pollution, over population, and over harvesting on biodiversity, strategies used to combat threats and sustain biodiversity and consideration of economic and ethical tradeoffs in the conservation of threatened species. Special attention will be paid to current issues related to biodiversity. This course requires a weekly 3 hour lecture and a 3 hour laboratory.

Prequisites: BIO-101 BIO-101L and (BIO-102 BIO-102L or BIO-303BIO-30L or CHE-303 CHE-303L), BIO-331L

4
BIO 331L

Conservation Biology Lab

Lab for BIO-331

Prequisites: BIO-331

0
BIO 332

Environmental Health

Environmental health examines the impact of the environment on human health. This includes 1) the effect of environmental components, such as pollutants, pathogens, and toxins, on human health, 2) energy resource uses and its effect on human health, 3) food safety, 4) environmental hazards found in the work place, and 5) environmental degradation as it relates to human health and wellbeing. This course will also examine the methods of environmental assessment and the role of public policy related to environmental health.

Prequisites: (CHE-101 CHE-101L CHE-102 CHE-102L) or (CHE-111CHE-112 CHE-113), BIO-107 BIO-107L BIO-108 BIO-108L

3
BIO 335

Pharmacology I

This series integrates the principles and mechanisms of action and drug effect with the pharmacotherapy of common disease and syndromes.

Prequisites: BIO-101 BIO-101L BIO-102 BIO-102L

3
BIO 336

Pharmacology II

This course is a continuation of Bio 335

Prequisites: BIO-335

3
BIO 339

Human Gross Anatomy

This is a lecture and laboratory course in human gross anatomy, which uses cadaver dissection and other materials illustrative of human anatomy. Emphasis will be placed upon the anatomy of skeletal muscles, including their bony attachments, nerve and blood supply and their functions in movements. Additional dissections will involve a survey of abdominal and thoracic organs, anatomy of the head and contents of the cranial cavity. The course consists of two lecture hours and eight lab hours a week.

Prequisites: BIO-339L. Physician Assistant students will takeBIO-639L., (BIO-107 BIO-107L BIO-108 BIO-108L) or BIO-317.

6
BIO 339L

Gross Anat Lab



Prequisites: BIO-339

0
BIO 350

Fund of Genomics & Proteomics & Bioinfo

This course will offer an introduction into the novel disciplines of genomics, proteomics and bioinformatics, providing students with a solid intellectual framework for understanding biological pathways, networks and molecular systems in an integrated, multidisciplinary fashion. The course will follow an interactive, problem-based instructional approach, using several mathematics exercises that utilize statistical and probability calculations to add quantitative rigor to the interpretation of biological data sets. The course will be based on case studies taken from scientific publications and Internet-based bioinformatics tools will be used for data analysis. The content will include all major areas of biology, including DNA and protein sequences, microarrays, and systems biology.

Prequisites: BIO-303 and MAT-125., any CSC (Computer Science) course., BIO-350L

3
BIO 351

Computational Biology

Description of BIO 351 should be same as the printed catalog: This course and required lab are intended to serve as an introduction to the problems encountered in modern biology research, with a special focus on the usage of modern computer-dependent techniques to explain biological phenomena. Many modern biological studies are hindered by the sheer volume of experimental data produced. These data often cannot be efficiently or accurately interpreted without computer assistance, yet many scientists lack the necessary skill set to do so. This course will instruct students in the challenges of designing, implementing and analyzing in vivo or in vitro generated experimental results using in silico techniques. This will be accomplished through a project-based learning format. This course requires three hours of lecture a week and a weekly three hour laboratory.

Prequisites: BIO/CHE-303 or permission of the instructor., BIO-351L

4
BIO 351L

Computational Biology Lab

Lab to accompany BIO 351

Prequisites: BIO-351

0
BIO 375

Math Modeling in Biology

Techniques for expressing biological molecules and concepts as mathematical expressions for analysis and comparison.

Prequisites: MAT-125 and (BIO-102 or BIO-303), 1 computer science (CSC or IT) course. CSC-151 orIT-111 is recommended.

3
BIO 389-390

Special Topics in Biology

This course presents an opportunity to study a selected topic in the biological sciences. Topics can originate with faculty or students.
3-4
BIO 407-410

Research

Library or laboratory research problems are carried out under the direction of staff members on campus.
1-3
BIO 479-480

Independent Study

Qualified students may investigate selected topics with permission of the instructor.
1-3
BIO 659

Advanced Physiology I

These courses are comprised of discussions of the molecular attributes of cytological features that represent the underpinnings of such functions as nerve impulse and neurotransmission, skeletal muscle contraction, cardiac muscle excitation and coordination of contraction, processes of electrolyte and water balance, actions of chemical messengers such as hormones and drugs, gas transport and cellular respiration, nutrition, metabolism and excretion.

Prequisites: None

3
BIO 660

Advanced Physiology II

These courses are comprised of discussions of the molecular attributes of cytological features that represent the underpinnings of such functions as nerve impulse and neurotransmission, skeletal muscle contraction, cardiac muscle excitation and coordination of contraction, processes of electrolyte and water balance, actions of chemical messengers such as hormones and drugs, gas transport and cellular respiration, nutrition, metabolism and excretion.

Prequisites: None

3

In other academic areas required for the major:

Course Number Course Name Credits
CHE 101

General Chemistry I

This introduction to fundamental chemical principles includes topics such as atomic structure, bonding and properties of gases, liquids, solids and solutions. The course consists of three lectures and three hours of laboratory a week.

Prequisites: High school chemistry or CPC-022 or 3 years of high school mathematics or MAT-117 or MAT-122, CHE-101L

3
CHE 101L

General Chemistry Laboratory

Three hours of laboratory.

Prequisites: CHE-101

1
CHE 102

General Chemistry II

This course is a continuation of Chemistry 101. Topics include chemical equilibria, kinetics and oxidation reduction systems.

Prequisites: CHE-101,CHE-101L, CHE-102L

3
CHE 102L

General Chemistry Laboratory II

Three hours of laboratory.

Prequisites: CHE-102

1
CHE 219

Organic Chemistry

This course is a survey of the functional groups germane to organic chemistry. In particular, emphasis is placed on the physical properties, nomenclature, conformation, synthesis and reactions of alkanes, alkenes, alkynes. Additionally, the recognition of isomers from constitutional stereoisomers such as enantiomers and diastereomers is also stressed.

Prequisites: CHE-101, CHE-101L, CHE-102, CHE-102L, CHE-219L

3
CHE 219L

Organic Chemistry Lab

This lab emphasizes purification techniques central to organic chemistry such as recrystallization, distillation (simple and fractional), extraction, chromatography (column and thin layer), and chemical modification. Also, several syntheses are chosen to illustrate lecture material such as, but not limited to reactions such as substitution and bond cleavage. It consists of three hours of lab a week.

Prequisites: CHE-219

1
CHE 220

Organic Chemistry II

This course is a continuation of CHE 219. The physical properties, nomenclature, synthesis and reactions of aromatic rings, alcohols, aldehydes and ketones. Amines, carboxylic acids and its derivatives, ethers, epoxides, sulfides, conjugated systems, aromaticity and enols are studied. The theory and application of a variety of spectroscopic (infrared, nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spec) methods are also covered.

Prequisites: CHE-219 CHE-219L, CHE-220L

3
CHE 220L

Organic Chemistry II Lab

This lab emphasizes the reactions that are covered in lecture such as, but not limited to, ester synthesis, electrophilic substitution of an aromatic ring, Grignard reagents and reduction of carbonyl compounds. This lab also places an importance on mastering spectroscopic methods such as IR and NMR utilizing in-house instrumentation. It consists of three hours of lab a week.

Prequisites: CHE-220

1
MAT 125

Calculus I

Basic theory of functions, limits, continuity, derivatives and integrals are taught. Some emphasis is placed on the structure of the real number system.

Prequisites: MAT-122 or have an SAT Math Sub-score 600+ or ACT 26+.

4
MAT 126

Calculus II

The course explores the basic techniques for integration as well as elementary transcendental functions and the applications of differential and integral calculus.

Prequisites: MAT-125

4
PHY 101

General Physics I

This calculus-based course is an introduction to the principles of kinematics and dynamics as they apply to both translational and rotational motion. Topics include Newton's laws, forces, friction, gravity, Kepler's laws, dot products and cross products, potential and kinetic energy, and momentum. Considerable attention is paid to the intellectual history that accompanied the emergence of the Newtonian world view.

Prequisites: Mat-125, Phy-101L

3
PHY 101L

Gen Physics Lab I



Prequisites: None

1
PHY 102

General Physics

This course is a continuation of PHY 101. The course covers statics, fluids, oscillations, sound and waves, temperature and heat, electricity and magnetism, and geometric optics.

Prequisites: Phy-101, Mat-126, Phy-102L

3
PHY 102L

Gen Physics Lab II

This course is a physics laboratory to accompany PHY 103. The course includes experiments in mechanics and oscillatory motion.

Prequisites: None

1

Major requirements: 70
Other core requirements: 39
Free electives (including core electives): 11
Total: 120

Regulations

Program Requirements

Students within the department must maintain a minimum 2.0 G.P.A. in courses taken at D’Youville in coursework required for their major. Students who fail to earn this G.P.A. will be placed on probation in the major. Probation may continue for a maximum of three consecutive semesters or a total of four nonconsecutive semesters. Students who exceed these limits will be dismissed from the major. If a student is dismissed from the B.S. program on account of poor performance in courses not required for the B.A.program, a student may have his/her record re-evaluated as a major in the B.A. program, and may be declared in good standing if his/her performance in the B.A. requirements justifies this.

Students may appeal these decisions on academic status by submitting, in writing, to the department chairperson, reasons why exceptional consideration may be justified.

Physical Therapy (PT) Students choosing the sequential degree entry will complete their B.S. in biology and move directly into the graduate P.T. program provided they complete all P.T. program prerequisites at a grade of B or better with a minimum prerequisite course G.P.A. of 3.20 as well as a cumulative G.P.A. of 3.0 and continue to meet all graduate admissions standards. Refer to the physical therapy department section for further details about graduate P.T. programs.

PreMed/PreDent: This program offers motivated students the option to register for courses to fulfill the prerequisites for application to most medical and dental schools. The science emphasis includes both semesters of biology, chemistry, organic chemistry, physics and calculus. Students will be able to complete these courses within their first two years, which will give them the requirements needed to apply to the early assurance program at the University at Buffalo Medical School and other medical/dental schools in the spring semester of their sophomore year.

Admissions

Admission Requirements

The B.S. in biology is designed for students preparing for graduate school as well as for professional programs in medicine, veterinary medicine, dentistry, physician assistant, physical therapy, podiatry, optometry, chiropractic and pharmacology. It includes the following admission categories: BIOB.S., BIOPT, PREMED, PREDENT, PREVET, CHP, PREPHARMACY and PRECHIROPRACTIC. The B.A./health professions preparation program is designed for students preparing for graduate programs in secondary education, physician assistant and other allied health fields. Admission to the D'Youville graduate physician assistant program will require application directly to the program during the beginning of the final year of undergraduate study. Admission into the B.A. in biology and the B.A. in biology for secondary education requires a minimum SAT score of 900 (Math and Verbal), a high school average of 80 percent and a transfer G.P.A. of 2.0. Admission into the B.S. requires a minimum SAT score of 1000 (Math and Verbal) (or ACT of 21), a high school average of 85 percent or a 2.85 on a four point scale and a rank in the top 50 percent of one’s class. Transfer students are required to have a minimum G.P.A. of 2.5.

Students nearly meeting these requirements will be considered for these programs by the department. Students denied immediate acceptance into the biology B.S. will be accepted into the biology B.A. program if they meet its requirements. These students may be promoted into the biology B.S. program after they have sufficiently demonstrated competence (usually after the completion of two semesters).

Department

Department of Biology and Mathematics

Knowledge of science and mathematics is essential to the development of a liberally educated person. The student with a special interest in biology and mathematics will find a foundation for a wide variety of professional careers. These career opportunities are expanding rapidly in today’s increasingly technological society.

The community of scholars that comprises the faculty of math and natural sciences is committed to excellence in teaching, learning and research. The Biology and Mathematics department faculty encourage scholarship, skeptical inquiry and the free exchange of ideas within the department and in the classroom and laboratory, and promote the application of this knowledge beyond those settings. The department seeks to foster these principles in every one of its students, regardless of academic background, in ways that can both be measured and defy measurement.

All D'Youville students take some science and mathematics courses within the department. The department offers two bachelor’s degrees in biology and two in mathematics. Requirements for these programs are listed in the courses of instruction section of this catalog. The department offers structured minors in analytics, anatomy, bioinformatics, biology, environmental science, mathematics and natural sciences. The department also provides the basic science courses for many programs, including nursing, physician assistant, physical therapy, chiropractic, liberal studies in education and occupational therapy.

Students within the department must maintain a minimum 2.0 grade point average in courses taken at D’Youville in their subject area.