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BIO 101 : Introductory Biology I

The lecture topics included are origins of life, prebiotic chemistry; and surveys of the major plant, invertebrate and vertebrate phyla. The course also includes evolutionary principles governing taxonomic criteria and the physiology of movement of d and water in plants. A three-hour lab accompanies the above lecture. Intended for biology majors and minors.
4 Credits
Prerequisites: Bio-101L

BIO 101L : Intro Bio Lab I

A three-hour lab accompanies the above lecture. Intended for biology majors and minors.
0 Credits
Prerequisites: Bio-101

BIO 102 : Introductory Biology II

The lecture topics include a survey of the cell, its chemical constituents and its organelles, energy metabolism and photosynthesis. Introductory classic and molecular genetics is also covered. A three-hour lab accompanies the above lecture. Intended for biology majors and minors.
4 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-102l

BIO 102L : Intro Bio Lab II

A three-hour lab accompanies the above lecture. Intended for biology majors and minors.
0 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-102

BIO 105 : Human Biology

This course surveys the function of the human body systems in health and disease and includes topics of current interest, which may include diet and nutrition, treatments for infertility, infectious diseases and vaccines, and the affect of drugs on the nervous system. This course consists of three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week. The lab exercises are designed to complement the lecture topics, and concurrent registration in both lecture and three-hour laboratory are required. This course is not eligible for elective credit in the major but is a required course in the psychology major.
4 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-105L

BIO 105L : Human Biology Lab

The lab exercises are designed to complement the lecture topics, and three-hour laboratory are required.
0 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-105

BIO 107 : Human Anatomy & Physiology I

This is a study of the structural and functional relationships of the human organism, emphasizing cells and tissues, the integument, skeletal system, muscular system, nervous system and sense organs. This course consists of three lectures a week.
3 Credits
Prerequisites: CPC-022

BIO 107L : Human Anatomy & Physiology Laboratory

This course accompanies BIO 107. This course consists of three hours of laboratory a week.
1 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-107

BIO 107R : Human Anatomy & Physiology Recitation

This course accompanies BIO 107L. This course consists of two hours of laboratory a week.
0 Credits
Prerequisites None

BIO 108 : Human Anatomy & Physiology II

This continuation of BIO 107 emphasizes the digestive system, respiratory system, blood, cardiovascular system, urinary system, reproductive systems, endocrine system, human genetics and development. This course consists of three lectures a week.
3 Credits
Prerequisites: CPC-022

BIO 108L : Human Anatomy & Physiology II Lab

This course accompanies BIO 108. This course consists of three hours of laboratory a week.
1 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-108

BIO 117 : Drugs and Disease

What exactly is a heart attack? Why does aspirin health prevent strokes? Why are anti-depressants associated with suicide? This basic course will answer these questions while providing an overview of common disease states and the drugs used to treat them. Disease states of the major organ systems will be covered as well as the most commonly prescribed drugs in America. Prerequisite: None: however, basic knowledge in biology is recommended; not eligible for elective credit in the major.
3 Credits
Prerequisites None

BIO 123 : Art and Anatomy

Figure drawing is taught with special attention to underlying anatomy. Nuances of surface anatomy, human proportion, and anatomical terminology are considered in an artistic context.  Historical paintings and sculpture are used for identifying the subtleties of the human figure.  Foundational drawing techniques are demonstrated using anatomical models, prosected cadavers, live models and special dissections as subjects. This course could serve as a general science or humanities elective for the core. 
3 Credits
Prerequisites None

BIO 123L : Art and Medicine in Florence, Italy Lab

This is a D'Youville College faculty-led study abroad experience. Our faculty together with the faculty of the University of Florence and their partnering institutions including experts from the Museum La Specola, the Institute for the History of Healthcare, the Academy of Fine Arts, the botanical gardens, the Foundation for Photo/Art in Hospitals, the Italian Army, the Museum Galileo Galilei, the medical library and the anthropological museum. Materials and course information will be collected and submitted to the Division of Math and Natural Sciences whose faculty will use this information to determine course grades. This course can be used as a lab course as part of the core curriculum. This study abroad experience in Florence, Italy has duration of two weeks. The course consists of approximately 20 sessions featuring expert-led laboratory-type experiences at medical libraries, botanical gardens, art museums/galleries/institutions, military medicine facilities, hospitals and scientific laboratories. Emphasis is on healthcare and science using evidentiary artifacts and masterpieces in Florence, Italy dating from before the Renaissance to present times. Much of the time will be with hands-on inspection and instruction with instruments and medical models, or in activities.
1 Credits
Prerequisites None

BIO 145 : The Process of Scientific Discovery

This is an introductory science course where students will be introduced to the major elements of science and technology including the basic insights of chemistry, physics, biology and geology in the context of the social and historical development of technology. Special attention will be paid to the impact of the sciences on cultural and human endeavors, and on the role of social change and serendipity in the process of scientific discovery. This course could count as a non-major science core course, an IDS science elective or as a free elective for science majors. There are no prerequisite course requirements. Course may be offered with an emphasis on the field of biology (BIO 145), chemistry (CHE 145) or physics (PHY 145).
3 Credits
Prerequisites None

BIO 189 : Special Topics

This course presents an opportunity to study a selected topic in the biological sciences. Topics can originate with faculty or students.
1 Credits
Prerequisites None

BIO 208 : Microbiology

This course is an introduction to the morphology, physiology, ecology and replication modes of bacterial and eukaryote microorganisms as well as viruses. Pathogens associated with human disease are used to illustrate these general concepts. Methods used by microbes to resist antimicrobial drugs, transfer antimicrobial resistance and methods used to control the growth of microorganisms are also discussed. Emphasis is given to mechanisms of pathogenesis used by bacteria and viruses. The means used by humans to prevent or rid the body of microbial agents are also discussed. In the laboratory, students gain skills in sterile technique, stain procedures and biochemical tests used to characterize bacteria. Methods used to control microbial growths are also studied. The course consists of three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
4 Credits
Prerequisites: (BIO-101,BIO-101L,BIO-102,BIO-102L) or (BIO-107,BIO-107L,BIO-108,BIO-108L)

BIO 208L : Microbiology Lab

This course accompanies BIO 208. This course consists of three hours of laboratory a week.
0 Credits
Prerequisites: Bio-208

BIO 210 : Modern Topics in Biology

This is an introduction to biological topics of general interest and practical value. Topics are drawn from areas such as basic biological principles, functioning of the human body, health problems and environmental issues. Students have a role in choosing topics and are actively involved in class presentations and discussions. This course consists of three lectures per week and is not eligible for elective credit in the major.
3 Credits
Prerequisites None

BIO 215 : Environmental Science

This is an introduction to the principles of environmental science and considers how those principles can be applied to our understanding and solution of current environmental problems. The course consists of three lectures per week and is not eligible for elective credit in the major.
3 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-215L

BIO 215L : Environmental Science Laboratory

This is field and laboratory work designed to provide direct experience while investigating the basis for environmental principles. Students are exposed to the monitoring of environmental problems. The course is three laboratory hours per week and is not eligible for elective credit in the major.
1 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-215

BIO 216 : Marine Biology

This is an introduction to the life of the seas. It begins with basic information about the chemical, physical and geological nature of the oceans. All major marine communities are surveyed, Including coastal zones and estuaries, coral reefs, the open ocean and the exotic communities of the deep sea. Extra attention is given to special topics of particular importance or interest. The final section concerns human interactions with the marine world and threats that they pose to it.
3 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-101,BIO-101L,BIO-102,BIO-102L

BIO 217 : Animal Handling

This course covers the fundamentals of domestic animal behavior, nutritional, physiology and welfare in relation to animal handling. Students will study how to assess welfare and how behavior plays an important role in mitigation and diagnosis of disease. This course is designed for majors and non-majors and will satisfy a WIP requirement, however biology majors wishing to use it toward their major electives must also take the accompanying laboratory BIO 217L as a co-requisite.
3 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-101 BIO-101L BIO-102 BIO-102L

BIO 217L : Animal Handling Laboratory

This course covers the fundamentals of domestic animal behavior and welfare. Through hands-on experience with animals in the lab and off-site trips to farms, zoos and shelters to explore how to properly handle live animals. This course is required for Biology Majors taking the lecture course, Animal Handling BIO 217. A core assignment for this course is caring for the animals on their own and their written reflection of that experience. This experience can be used to apply for internships and jobs in the animal sciences. This course is designed for students who are interested in animals, and animal focused careers, such as Veterinarians, Veterinarian technicians, Zookeepers, Animal handlers and Animal research. For non- biology majors, the lab may be taken alone and has no pre-requisite.
1 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-217 - required for biology majors wishing to use this course towards their biology electives.

BIO 218 : Invertebrate Zoology

This is a survey of the major invertebrate groups with emphasis on their diverse patterns of form and function. Coverage of each group includes its distinguishing characteristics and patterns of adaptations for coping with the needs of life by following examples of selected species. Basic biological principles and special impacts on humans are discussed when appropriate. In the laboratory, live and preserved specimens from marine, freshwater and terrestrial habitats are used to explore aspects of anatomy, physiology and behavior. The course consists of three lectures and three hours of laboratory a week.
4 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-101 BIO-101L BIO-102 BIO-102L

BIO 218L : Invertebrate Zoology Lab


0 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-218

BIO 229 : Ecology

This is a broad introduction to the basic concepts of ecology as they pertain to population, evolutionary processes, communities and ecosystems. Several current environmental problems are explored in the light of these concepts. Laboratory includes a mix of lab and field exercises designed to put lecture topics into practice. The course consists of three lectures and three laboratory hours a week.
4 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-101 BIO-101L BIO-102 BIO-102L

BIO 229L : Ecology Lab

The course consists of three laboratory hours a week.
0 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-229

BIO 230 : Foundations of Environmental Science

This course examines the interactions between the physical, chemical, and biological components of the environment and human populations. Topics to be included but not limited to the course are 1)the impact of human activities on air and water quality, 2)the use of natural resources including renewable and non-renewable energy sources, minerals and biological resources,3)conservation and biodiversity, and 4)land use including wildlife, fisheries and forest management, recreational uses and agriculture. This course requires a weekly 3 hour lecture and a 3 hour laboratory. The laboratory portion of the course will examine present practices and problems associated with environmental issues through field trips and laboratory/field experiments.
4 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-101 BIO-101L

BIO 230L : Foundations of Environmental Science

This course examines the interactions between the physical, chemical, and biological components of the environment and human populations. Topics to be included but not limited to the course are 1)the impact of human activities on air and water quality, 2)the use of natural resources including renewable and non-renewable energy sources, minerals and biological resources,3)conservation and biodiversity, and 4)land use including wildlife, fisheries and forest management, recreational uses and agriculture. This course requires a weekly 3 hour lecture and a 3 hour laboratory. The laboratory portion of the course will examine present practices and problems associated with environmental issues through field trips and laboratory/field experiments.
0 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-101 BIO-101L

BIO 231 : Environmental Geology

This course and required laboratory is designed to be an introduction to Environmental Geology through a broad survey of topics which are interconnected by society and geologic processes. These topics include Earth systems, geosphere materials, plate tectonics, earthquakes, volcanoes, rivers and flooding, land stability, coastal change, water, soil, mineral and energy resources, climate changes and human environmental impact. Laboratory experiences will be related to the course objectives and will include offsite experiences. Prerequisite: BIO 101/L and (BIO 102/L OR BIO 303/L). Offered each spring semester as needed.
4 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-101 BIO-101L

BIO 231L : Environmental Geology Lab

This course and required laboratory is designed to be an introduction to Environmental Geology through a broad survey of topics which are interconnected by society and geologic processes. These topics include Earth systems, geosphere materials, plate tectonics, earthquakes, volcanoes, rivers and flooding, land stability, coastal change, water, soil, mineral and energy resouces, climate changes and human environmental impact. Laboratory experiences will be related to the course objectives and will include offsite experiences. Prerequisite: BIO 101/L and (BIO 102/L OR BIO 303/L). Offered each spring semester as needed.
0 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-101 BIO-101L

BIO 240 : Gross Anat

This is a human gross anatomy course involving lectures and laboratory with original cadaver dissection, and the study of some completed dissections. This course is similar to Biology 339, but includes increased emphasis on anatomy of abdominal and pelvic visceral organs and neuroanatomy. The course is intended for students in health professions other than occupational and physical therapy
4 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-240L

BIO 240L : Gross Anat Lab


0 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-240

BIO 242 : Evolution

Evolution is the single most unifying theory in the biological sciences. This course traces the beginnings of Darwinian-Wallace evolution by natural selection and places this theory in historical perspective. Current evidences of evolution are given and explained and evolution at the gene level is discussed. The emphasis of the course is on biological and biochemical adaptations to changing environments. Some limited treatment of population genetics is included.
3 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-101 BIO-101L BIO-102 BIO-102L

BIO 289 : Special Topics

This course presents an opportunity to study a selected topic in the biological sciences. Topics can originate with faculty or students.
1 Credits
Prerequisites None

BIO 302 : Genetics

This is an examination of the principles of classic and molecular genetics. Topics discussed include Mendel’s contribution, linkage, gene mapping, structure and function of DNA and RNA; bacterial and viral genetics, gene function, mutation, regulation of gene activity, recombinant DNA technology and quantitative and population genetics. Laboratory experiments with Drosophila, bacteria and fungi demonstrate principles discussed in the lecture. The course consists of three lectures and three hours of laboratory a week.
4 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-101 BIO-101L BIO-102 BIO-102L. Must have a minimumof a 2.2 GPA.

BIO 302L : Genetics Lab

The course consists of three laboratory hours a week.
0 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-302

BIO 303 : Biochemistry

This one-semester course emphasizes structure/function relationships among the components responsible for the biochemical functions of life. Topics include proteins, enzymes, carbohydrates, bioenergetics, metabolism (catabolism and anabolism), lipids, membranes, nucleic acids, biotechnology, biochemical methods, vitamins and nutrition. This course is cross-listed with CHE 303.
3 Credits
Prerequisites: 1 group: (CHE-219 CHE-219L BIO-101 BIO-101L BIO-102 BIO-102L) or(CHE-219 CHE-219L BIO-107 BIO-107L BIO-108 BIO-108L) or bea chemistry major and take (CHE-219 CHE-219L CHE-220CHE-220L)

BIO 303L : Biochemistry Laboratory

This laboratory supports BIO 303lecture course. Students required to take BIO 303 are also required to take BIO 303L (except for physician assisting students).
1 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-303

BIO 304 : Microscopic Anatomy

This course examines the organ systems of the body microscopically. The development, histology, histophysiology and histopathology of the tissues and organs of the body will be presented in lecture. The lab incorporates microscopic examination of the organ systems and training in processing of tissue for imaging and instruction in the use of imaging equipment. The course consists of two lectures and four hours of laboratory a week.
4 Credits
Prerequisites: (BIO-101, BIO-101L,BIO-102,BIO 102L) or (BIO-107,BIO-107L,BIO-108, BIO-108L)

BIO 304L : Microscopic Anatomy Lab

This course examines the organ systems of the body microscopically. The development, histology, histophysiology and histopathology of the tissues and organs of the body will be presented in lecture. The lab incorporates microscopic examination of the organ systems and training in processing of tissue for imaging and instruction in the use of imaging equipment. The course consists of two lectures and four hours of laboratory a week.
0 Credits
Prerequisites: (BIO-101, BIO-101L,BIO-102,BIO 102L) or (BIO-107,BIO-107L,BIO-108, BIO-108L)

BIO 307 : Pathophysiology

This is a study of disease processes as disturbances of the body's homeostasis. The body's defense mechanisms and their breakdown are emphasized. Various clinical assessment methods are discussed. The course consists of three lectures a week.
3 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-107,BIO-107L BIO-108,BIO-108L (CHE-111,CHE-112) or (CHE-101 CHE-101L CHE-102CHE-102L)Chiropractic students can take BIO-507L BIO-508L BIO-659BIO-660

BIO 309 : Virology

This course is the study of structure and activity of animal, plant and bacterial viruses. This course is three lectures.
3 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-303

BIO 310 : Immunology

Individuals are continually exposed to foreign substances (antigens) and respond to them in ways that are both harmful and beneficial. Many areas of biology use the in vitro techniques of immunology. Thus, immunology integrates such diverse fields as genetics, biochemistry, physiology and medicine and is relevant for biology and health science students alike. The purpose of this course is therefore to introduce the student to the chemistry of antigens and antibodies, the biology of the immune response, including both harmful and beneficial aspects in the function of the cells, organs and molecules of the immune system. Immunologic techniques and their applications will also be examined.
3 Credits
Prerequisites: (BIO-101 BIO-101L ,BIO-102, BIO-102L) OR BIO-107,(BIO-107L,BIO-108, BIO-108L) AND CHE-101,CHE-102

BIO 312 : Molecular Cell Biology

This is a detailed analysis of cellular organelles in relation to active transport, endocytosis, cell-to-cell communications, cell development and protein synthesis. Chromosome organization, gene structure, RNA synthesis and regulation of gene expression are also considered. Discussions will emphasize techniques and key experiments that have helped in the development and formulation of contemporary concepts. This course consists of three hours of lectures and one discussion hour a week.
4 Credits
Prerequisites: 1 of (BIO-102 BIO-102L) or (BIO-108 BIO-108L)

BIO 314 : Botany

This course is a survey of biology of plants with emphasis on taxonomy, morphology, physiology and the importance to man. This course is three lectures and three hours of lab.
4 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-314L

BIO 314L : Botany Lab

This course is three hours of lab.
0 Credits
Prerequisites: BIo-314

BIO 317 : Comparative Anatomy

This is a study of vertebrates and their chordate origins, including an overview emphasizing their historical relationships. The major systems, such as integument, muscular, nervous, endocrine, circulatory, and skeletal, are presented with examples from the major vertebrate groups. The course consists of three lectures and three hours of laboratory a week.
4 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-317L

BIO 317L : Comparative Anatomy Lab

The course consists of three laboratory hours a week.
0 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-317

BIO 320 : Developmental Biology

This is a study of the principles of development and their application to animal and plant embryos, regeneration, metamorphosis, cancer and related processes. The laboratory includes observation and experimentation with living animal and plant material, plant tissue culture, and examination of prepared slides. The course consists of three lectures and three hours of laboratory a week.
4 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-320L

BIO 320L : Dev Biology Lab


0 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-320

BIO 330 : Environmental Microbiology

This course and required laboratory will focus on microbes, their biochemistry and their interactions with higher animals in specific ecologies. Microbes play a primary,and often overlooked, role in every ecosystem on Earth. The unique biochemistries of these microbes are responsible for a wealth of activities critical to human and planetary health,including oxygen generation,carbon and nitrogen bioavailability,bioremediation of pollutants, decomposition of organic matter,nutrient cycling and human sanitation. This course is not intended as the required course in a health sciences major as it eschews medical microbes in favor of environmentally or commercially important microorganisms. This course requires a weekly 3 hour lecture and a 3 hour laboratory.
4 Credits
Prerequisites: Four (4) credits of college level chemistry.

BIO 330L : Environmental Microbiology Lab

This course and required Laboratory will focus on microbes, their biochemistry and their interactions with higher animals in specific ecologies. Microbes play a primary, and often overlooked, role in every ecosystem on Earth. The unique biochemistries of these microbes are responsible for a wealth of activities critical to human and planetary health, including; oxygen generation, carbon and nitrogen bioavailability, bioremediation of pollutants, decomposition of organic matter,nutrient cycling and human sanitation. This course is not intended as the required course a health sciences major as it eschews medical microbes in favor of environmentally or commercially important microorganisms. This course requires a weekly 3 hour lecture and 3 hour laboratory.
0 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-330

BIO 331 : Conservation Biology

Conservation Biology combines ecology, physiology, molecular biology, genetics, and evolutionary biology in order to conserve biological diversity. It is the aim of conservation biology to understand the human threats to biodiversity and prevent any further loss. Topics covered will include, defining, measuring, and patterns of biodiversity, the negative effect of habitat loss, invasive species, pollution, over population, and over harvesting on biodiversity, strategies used to combat threats and sustain biodiversity and consideration of economic and ethical tradeoffs in the conservation of threatened species. Special attention will be paid to current issues related to biodiversity. This course requires a weekly 3 hour lecture and a 3 hour laboratory.
4 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-101 BIO-101L and (BIO-102 BIO-102L or BIO-303BIO-30L or CHE-303 CHE-303L)

BIO 331L : Conservation Biology Lab

Lab for BIO-331
0 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-331

BIO 332 : Environmental Health

Environmental health examines the impact of the environment on human health. This includes 1) the effect of environmental components, such as pollutants, pathogens, and toxins, on human health, 2) energy resource uses and its effect on human health, 3) food safety, 4) environmental hazards found in the work place, and 5) environmental degradation as it relates to human health and wellbeing. This course will also examine the methods of environmental assessment and the role of public policy related to environmental health.
3 Credits
Prerequisites: (CHE-101 CHE-101L CHE-102 CHE-102L) or (CHE-111CHE-112 CHE-113)

BIO 335 : Pharmacology I

This series integrates the principles and mechanisms of action and drug effect with the pharmacotherapy of common disease and syndromes.
3 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-101 BIO-101L BIO-102 BIO-102L

BIO 336 : Pharmacology II

This course is a continuation of Bio 335
3 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-335

BIO 339 : Human Gross Anatomy

This is a lecture and laboratory course in human gross anatomy, which uses cadaver dissection and other materials illustrative of human anatomy. Emphasis will be placed upon the anatomy of skeletal muscles, including their bony attachments, nerve and blood supply and their functions in movements. Additional dissections will involve a survey of abdominal and thoracic organs, anatomy of the head and contents of the cranial cavity. The course consists of two lecture hours and eight lab hours a week.
6 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-339L. Physician Assistant students will takeBIO-639L.

BIO 339L : Gross Anat Lab


0 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-339

BIO 350 : Fund of Genomics & Proteomics & Bioinfo

This course will offer an introduction into the novel disciplines of genomics, proteomics and bioinformatics, providing students with a solid intellectual framework for understanding biological pathways, networks and molecular systems in an integrated, multidisciplinary fashion. The course will follow an interactive, problem-based instructional approach, using several mathematics exercises that utilize statistical and probability calculations to add quantitative rigor to the interpretation of biological data sets. The course will be based on case studies taken from scientific publications and Internet-based bioinformatics tools will be used for data analysis. The content will include all major areas of biology, including DNA and protein sequences, microarrays, and systems biology.
3 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-303 and MAT-125.

BIO 350L : Genomics and Proteomics Lab

Lab for BIO-350
0 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-350

BIO 351 : Computational Biology

Description of BIO 351 should be same as the printed catalog: This course and required lab are intended to serve as an introduction to the problems encountered in modern biology research, with a special focus on the usage of modern computer-dependent techniques to explain biological phenomena. Many modern biological studies are hindered by the sheer volume of experimental data produced. These data often cannot be efficiently or accurately interpreted without computer assistance, yet many scientists lack the necessary skill set to do so. This course will instruct students in the challenges of designing, implementing and analyzing in vivo or in vitro generated experimental results using in silico techniques. This will be accomplished through a project-based learning format. This course requires three hours of lecture a week and a weekly three hour laboratory.
4 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO/CHE-303 or permission of the instructor.

BIO 351L : Computational Biology Lab

Lab to accompany BIO 351
0 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-351

BIO 369 : McAt,dat, Gre Review

This is a non-credit course designed to guide and assist students in reviewing for entrance examinations for health professional schools and graduate schools. The entrance exams covered include: the Medical College Admission Test, Dental Admission Test, Pharmacy College Admission Test, GRE General Test and GRE Biology Test. The course provides an introduction to the exams, diagnostic testing, assistance in reviewing the appropriate subject areas, and the administration of practice exams.
0 Credits
Prerequisites None

BIO 370 : MCAt,GRE,DAT, or Pcat Review

This is a non-credit course designed to guide and assist students in reviewing for entrance examinations for health professional schools and graduate schools. The entrance exams covered include: the Medical College Admission Test, Dental Admission Test, Pharmacy College Admission Test, GRE General Test and GRE Biology Test. The course provides an introduction to the exams, diagnostic testing, assistance in reviewing the appropriate subject areas, and the administration of practice exams.
0 Credits
Prerequisites None

BIO 375 : Math Modeling in Biology

Techniques for expressing biological molecules and concepts as mathematical expressions for analysis and comparison.
3 Credits
Prerequisites: MAT-125 and (BIO-102 or BIO-303)

BIO 389 : Special Topics

This course presents an opportunity to study a selected topic in the biological sciences. Topics can originate with faculty or students.
1 Credits
Prerequisites None

BIO 389L : Special Topics Lab


1 Credits
Prerequisites None

BIO 390 : Special Topics

This course presents an opportunity to study a selected topic in the biological sciences. Topics can originate with faculty or students.
3 Credits
Prerequisites None

BIO 407 : Research At Dyc

Library or laboratory research problems are carried out under the direction of staff members on campus.
1 Credits
Prerequisites None

BIO 408 : Research At DYC

Library or laboratory research problems are carried out under the direction of staff members on campus.
2 Credits
Prerequisites None

BIO 479 : Independent StudyIndependent Study

Qualified students may investigate selected topics with permission of the instructor.
1 Credits
Prerequisites None

BIO 480 : Special Topics

Qualified students may investigate selected topics with permission of the instructor.
1 Credits
Prerequisites None

BIO 499 : Capstone Experience

This course is designed to be a capstone experience in the form of a research experience, internship/practical experience, or service learning experience. 
0 Credits
Prerequisites None

BIO 504 : Microscopic Anatomy

This course is an in-depth microscopic examination of the organ systems of the body. The development, histology, histophysiology, and histopathology of the tissues and organs of the body will be presented in lecture. Chemistry and biochemistry of the structures will be covered and discussed. The lab incorporates microscopic examination of the organ system and training in processing of tissue for imaging and the use of imaging equipment and the chemical properties and uses of traditional and current staining methods. This course consists of three lectures and three hours of laboratory a week.
4 Credits
Prerequisites: (BIO-101 BIO-101L BIO-102 BIO-102L) or (BIO-107BIO-107L BIO-108 BIO-108L) or (BIO-504 BIO-504L BIO-517 BIO-517L) or ANA-601

BIO 504L : Microscopic Anatomy Lab

Lab for BIO-504
0 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-504

BIO 505 : Neurobiology

This is a lecture and laboratory course studying the human nervous system. Emphasis is placed on the science, biology, and biochemistry of nervous system anatomy and physiology, including research techniques used to study the nervous system, organization and development of the nervous system, neuroanatomy, fundamental concepts of cellular and molecular neurobiology, underlying neuroanatomical and neurophysiological dysfunctions of neurological disorders, sensory and motor systems, and neural tracts. The laboratory includes neuroanatomy models and cadaveric specimens. This course consists of three lectures and three hours of laboratory a week.
4 Credits
Prerequisites: (BIO-107 BIO-107L BIO-108 BIO-108L) or take (BIO-317BIO-317L) or take (BIO-517 BIO-517L) or permission of theintstructor.

BIO 505L : Neurobiology Lab

Lab for BIO-505
0 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-505

BIO 507L : Human Anatomy and Physiology Laboratory

This course consists of two hours of laboratory a week. The structural and functional relationship of the human organism, emphasizing cells and tissues, the integument, skeletal system, muscular system, nervous system and sense organs are emphasized.
1 Credits
Prerequisites None

BIO 508L : Human Anatomy & Physiology II Laboratory

This course consists of three hours of laboratory a week, emphasizing the digestive system, respiratory system, blood, cardiovascular system,urinary system, reproductive systems, endocrine system, human genetics and development.
1 Credits
Prerequisites None

BIO 517 : Comparative Anatomy

This is a analysis of vertebrates and their chordate origins, including a summarization emphasizing their historical relationships. The major systems, such as integument, muscular, nervous, endocrine, circulatory, and skeletal, are presented and explored with examples from the major vertebrate groups. The course consists of three lectures and three hours of laboratory a week.
4 Credits
Prerequisites: (BIO-101 BIO-101L BIO-102 BIO-102L)or take (BIO-107BIO-107L BIO-108 BIO-108L)

BIO 517L : Comparative Anatomy Lab

Lab for BIO-517.
0 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-517

BIO 520 : Developmental Biology

This is a study of the principles of development and their application to animal and plant embryos, regeneration, metamorphosis, cancer and related processes. The laboratory includes observation and experimentation with living animal and plant material, plant tissue culture and examination of prepared slides.
4 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-302 BIO-302L

BIO 520L : Developmental Biology Lab

Lab for BIO-520
0 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-520

BIO 523L : History of Anatomy Lab

This study abroad experience in Florence, Italy has duration of two weeks. This course will follow the evidence of healthcare, art and science as it relates to Italy and the Italian Renaissance. Lessons will introduce the students with use of genuine objet d'art to the history of art and medicine starting from the Middle Ages, through the great "revolution in health care" in Florence during the golden centuries of the Renaissance through modern-day health care. The course consists of approximately 20 lessons that will occur in various venues including the Villa La Quiete, art and history museums, galleries, the University of Florence and the Botanical Gardens of Florence. Emphasis will be on integration of contemporary anatomy with historical models.
1 Credits
Prerequisites None

BIO 603 : Biochemistry

This one-semester course emphasizes structure/function relationships among the components responsible for the biochemical functions of life. Topics include proteins, enzymes, carbohydrates, bioenergetics, metabolism (catabolism and anabolism), lipids, membranes, nucleic acids, biotechnology, biochemical methods,vitamins and nutrition.
3 Credits
Prerequisites None

BIO 603L : Biochemistry Laboratory

This lab is consistent with material covered in lectures in Bio 603.
1 Credits
Prerequisites None

BIO 607 : Pathophysiology

This is a study of disease processes as disturbances of the body's homeostasis. The body's defense mechanisms and their breakdown are emphasized. Various clinical assessment methods are discussed. The course consist of three lectures a week.
3 Credits
Prerequisites None

BIO 608 : Microbiology

This is an introduction to the classification, morphology and physiology of microorganisms, particularly of bacteria and viruses, with laboratory emphasis on sterile technique, cultural characteristics and physiology of bacteria. The course consists of three lectures and three hours of laboratory per week.
4 Credits
Prerequisites None

BIO 608L : Microbiology Lab

This lab is consistent with material covered in lectures in Bio 608.
0 Credits
Prerequisites None

BIO 610 : Immunology

Humans are continually exposed to foreign substances (antigens) and respond to them in ways that are both harmful and beneficial. Many areas of biology use the in vitro techniques of immunology. Thus, immunology integrates such diverse fields as genetics, biochemistry, physiology and medicine and is relevant for biology and health science students alike. The purpose of this course is therefore to introduce the student to the chemistry of antigens and antibodies, the biology of the immune response, including both harmful and beneficial aspects in the function of the cells, organ and molecules of the immune system. Immunologic techniques and their applications will also be examined.
3 Credits
Prerequisites None

BIO 639 : Human Gross Anatomy

This is a lecture and laboratory course in human gross anatomy, which uses cadaver dissection and other materials illustrative of human anatomy. Emphasis is placed on the anatomy of skeletal muscles, including their bony attachments, nerve and blood supply, and functions in movements. Additional dissections involve a survey of abdominal and thoracic organs, anatomy of the head and contents of the cranial cavity.
6 Credits
Prerequisites: BIO-639L

BIO 639L : Gross Anat Lab

This is a lecture and laboratory course in human gross anatomy, which uses cadaver dissection and other materials illustrative of human anatomy. Emphasis is placed on the anatomy of skeletal muscles, including their bony attachments, nerve and blood supply, and functions in movements. Additional dissections involve a survey of abdominal and thoracic organs, anatomy of the head and contents of the cranial cavity.
0 Credits
Prerequisites None

BIO 659 : Advanced Physiology I

These courses are comprised of discussions of the molecular attributes of cytological features that represent the underpinnings of such functions as nerve impulse and neurotransmission, skeletal muscle contraction, cardiac muscle excitation and coordination of contraction, processes of electrolyte and water balance, actions of chemical messengers such as hormones and drugs, gas transport and cellular respiration, nutrition, metabolism and excretion.
3 Credits
Prerequisites None

BIO 660 : Advanced Physiology II

These courses are comprised of discussions of the molecular attributes of cytological features that represent the underpinnings of such functions as nerve impulse and neurotransmission, skeletal muscle contraction, cardiac muscle excitation and coordination of contraction, processes of electrolyte and water balance, actions of chemical messengers such as hormones and drugs, gas transport and cellular respiration, nutrition, metabolism and excretion.
3 Credits
Prerequisites None

BIO 689 : Special Topics


0 Credits
Prerequisites None

BIO 999 : Biology Elective

Course transfers in as a biology core elective.
3 Credits
Prerequisites None

BIO 999L : Biology Lab Transfer Elective

Course transfers in as a biology lab core elective.
0 Credits
Prerequisites None